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Wooten Naturopathic, PLC
3714 East Indian School Rd.
Pheonix, AZ. 85018

Office: (602) 840-4112
Fax:     (602) 224-1182
Office@wnHealth.com

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        ALL (Condition List)  


                                                                                 


Chronic Diseases   |   Family Medicine   |   Hormone Therapy   |   Kids Health
Mens Health   |   Nutrition   |   Weight Management   |   Womens Health





Keep these nuggets in mind:

  ♦   Find out the possible problem - ASAP

  ♦   Look for Natural (perhaps quicker, less injurious) solutions.
        •  (see your Naturopathic Doctor)

  ♦   For all emergencies: severe pains, possible bone dislocations - fractions - breakage, spider / snake bites, etc. goto the ER
        •  get Stable, then . . .
        •  "Contact Us ASAP" for a more Natural Road to Recovery.

  ♦   Most Sugeries should be AVOIDED, unless in imediate (1day -
                3month) life-threatening danger.


      For immediate care:    Go To the Emergency Room

* we also work along-side most all physicians *







    Jump, from A -to- Z:

    A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M

    N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z







    General Descriptions, brought to you by: Buzzle.com


    A

    Acid Reflux Disease (GERD)

    Acne

    Allergies

    Antisocial Personality Disorder

    Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD/ADD)

    Altitude Sickness

    Alzheimer's Disease

    Andropause

    Anorexia Nervosa

    Arthritis

    Aspergers Syndrome

    Asthma

    Autism

    Avoidant Personality Disorder



    B

    Back Pain

    Bad Breath (Halitosis)

    Baldness

    Bedwetting

    Bipolar Disorder (BD)

    Bladder Cancer

    Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

    Bone Cancer

    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)

    Brain Cancer

    Breast Cancer

    Brain Tumors

    Brain Injury

    Bronchitis

    Burns

    Bursitis



    C

    Cancer

    Canker Sores (Cold Sores)

    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)

    Celiac Disease

    Cervical Cancer

    Cholesterol

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    Colon Cancer

    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)

    Cradle Cap

    Crohn's Disease



    D

    Dandruff

    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

    Dehydration

    Dependent Personality Disorder

    Depression

    Diabetes

    Diaper Rash

    Diarrhea

    Disabilities

    Diverticulitis

    Down Syndrome

    Drug Abuse

    Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)

    Dyslexia



    E

    Ear Infections

    Ear Problems

    Eating Disorders

    Eczema

    Endometriosis

    Enlarged Prostate

    Epilepsy (Seizure)

    Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

    Eye Problems



    F

    Fibromyalgia

    Fracture

    Freckles

    Flu



    G

    Gallbladder Disease

    Gallstones

    Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

    Genital Herpes

    Genital Warts

    Glomerulonephritis (Nephritis)

    Gonorrhea

    Gout

    Gum Diseases

    Gynecomastia



    H

    Habits

    Hair Loss

    Head Lice

    Headache

    Hearing Loss

    Heart Attacks

    Heart Disease

    Heartburn

    Heat Stroke

    Heel Pain

    Hemorrhage

    Hemorrhoids

    Hepatitis

    Herniated Discs

    Hiatal Hernia (Hiatus Hernia)

    Histrionic Personality Disorder

    HIV/AIDS

    Hives

    Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)

    Hyperkalemia (High Potassium)

    Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

    Hyperthyroidism

    Hypothyroidism



    I

    Infectious Diseases

    Infectious Mononucleosis (Glandular Fever)

    Influenza

    Infertility

    Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)

    Iron Deficiency Anemia

    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

    Irritable Male Syndrome (IMS)

    Itching



    J

    Jock Itch

    Joint Pain

    Juvenile Diabetes

    Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)

            Acid Reflux
    Also called Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), thisis a chronic condition in which liquid content of the stomach leaks back (reflux) into the esophagus.  The abnormally refluxed gastric contents usually contains acid. When this refluxed gastric acid touches the lining of the esophagus, it causes heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest or throat.  Acid reflux disease symptoms include chronic heartburn symptoms.  Too much acidity and the lack of vital friendly probiotics are said to be major factors causing the reflux of acid.

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            Acne
    The teenagers dread this condition of skin called acne, especially the fairer sex.  Acne is a skin problem in which skin structures having a hair follicle develop as a result of hormonal changes in adolescents.  These structures are linked to microscopic glands in the skin which secrete oily matter.  Many times these things are more related to diet and improper (supplemental) nutrition which allows the hormones to shift inappropriately, causing acne.

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            Allergies
    An allergy is an immune system disorder that affects 1 in every 3 people. These can be reactions to the commonest of substances, as there can be allergies for almost anything (sometimes even anyone).  Find out more on allergies from our Allergy Page.

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            Antisocial Personality Disorder
    Antisocial personality disorder is a psychological aberration that causes the patient to be averse to social behavior and gatherings.  Antisocial personality can be curable with proper nutrition, while showing care and concern for the patient.  Basically, this is most likely not an incurable disease that one has to live with for the rest of their lives.

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            Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders, but also affect adults.  This neurological disorder is characterized by symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.  Those suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have a very low attention span and get distracted very easily.  If not diagnosed in childhood, this condition might persist through adolescence and adulthood.  People suffering from ADHD have trouble focusing or finishing the tasks that they undertake.  Besides genetic factors, the causes of ADHD include chemical imbalances in the brain, problems associated with nerve pathways or exposure to lead or polychlorinated biphenyl, (over-the-counter or prescribed) medications, abundance of chemical sugars from poor diets, and lack of friendly probiotics in the gut.  Since this neurological disorder can affect one's ability to learn and exercise self-control, it might hamper one's chances of doing well in personal and professional life.  It is, therefore, important that this condition is diagnosed and treated as early as possible. tml

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            Altitude Sickness
    Acknowledging the symptoms of Altitude sickness is the first step towards normalcy.  Those people who have made a plan to travel to the mountains for skiing, backpacking, trekking, mountain climbing etc. must ascertain that they would reach a height of less than 8000 feet i.e. 2400 meters.  If they aim for more than this height, they must garner information about "Altitude Sickness."  The other terms are "high-altitude illness" or "mountain sickness".

    As the height from sea level increases, the amount of oxygen in the air decreases.  At a height of about 8000 feet, the oxygen level becomes very less.  Normally, people live at less altitudes and are not accustomed to the low level of oxygen.  Therefore, the body does not function normally.  This is termed as "altitude sickness". The condition of those suffering from this illness may become very grave.  Always be prepared for a backup plan to receive oxygen if you plan on any activities in high altitudes.  It is of three types:

    Acute mountain sickness
    High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
    High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)

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            Alzheimer's Disease
    .  Dementia, characterized by a decline in the functioning of the brain is an illness that results in the loss of mental functions like thinking, memory, reasoning and overall cognitive abilities.  Some of the common symptoms of dementia include loss of memory, changes in personality, mood, and behavior.  Azheimer is a type of dementia tha is a result of a disorder in the cerebral cortex.  The Alzheimer's disease is one of the common types of Cortical Dementia.

    This condition is also known as Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (SDAT) and is only medically, but not nutritionally classified as an incurable, degenerative disorder  During Alzheimer's disease, the brain of the affected person shows characteristically abnormal behavior.  The brain cells produce reduced amounts of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals required for communication between nerves.  Some of the common symptoms or signs of Alzheimer's disease include serious memory problems, which can affect everyday activities.

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            Andropause
    Andropause, also known as male menopause can very simply be explained as a drop in the testosterone due to aging and poor diet.&nbnsp; It is a concept quite similar to menopause for women.  Learn more on our Men Page.

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            Anorexia Nervosa
    Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder caused by a psychiatric illness.  It is characterized by very low body weight by having a wrong perception of the body as fat.  It also includes obsessive fear of putting on weight, resulting in voluntary starvation, too much of exercise or any other weight control measure.  Sometimes this neurological illness may also only be a hint at another underline problem in deficiency and in the gut area, in which a focus may be placed on restoring proper minerals, hormones, good fats, and friendly probiotics to aid normal preception.

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            Arthritis
    The word arthritis originates from Greek word which means inflammation of the joints.  Arthritis is a disorder caused to the body joints.  It has abou 100 connotations, but they all target the joints.  Osteoarthritis (OA), is the most common type of arthritis, usually seen among aging people.  Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, septic arthritis and autoimmune diseases are the other types arthritis.

    Infectious arthritis and, gout are the common types of arthritis.  Pain and swelling in joints, reddening, stiffness and deformity of the affected joints, limited movement of the joints are some of the main physical symptoms of arthritis.  But arthritis hurts emotionally and psychologically too.  Patients may have to depend upon others even for their daily activities.

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            Aspergers Syndrome
    The Asperger's syndrome, an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a disorder in which the patient has problems in interacting with people.&nbnbsp; His behavior patterns are repetitive or stereotypes.  Physical clumsiness is another behavioral characteristic of a person with this syndrome.  However, it is different from disorders like dyslexia.  This syndrome though, was standardized as a separate diagnosis method, there is still a doubt about, it being different from the high-functioning autism (HFA).

    Aspergers syndrome is a psychological condition.  It renders a person incapable of being social.  This condition can last a lifetime, nonetheless, the effects can be made negligible oror disappear with treatment.  The Asperger's syndrome doesn't show a peculiar symptom.  It is displayed or exhibited in the form of a range or pattern of behavior.  While interacting in the society, the patients lack in developing friendship and social reciprocity.  Their body language shows impairment in posture, gesture, facial expression and eye contact.  Unlike the autistic people who avoid interacting in the society, those having the Asperger's syndrome do interact with people, but in an awkward manner.  While communicating they may seem to lack the quality known as 'empathy.'

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            Asthma
    Asthma is a common disease of the respiratory system.  It comes from the Greek word “aazein”, or “sharp breath" from Allergens, common cold, or even other triggers like exercise or stress showing that the airways or the tubes that carry air to the lungs have become narrow and inflamed, with the build up of excessive mucous and sometimes a distinct wheeze can be heard.  The asthma patient may cough and/or pant during inhalation with an uncomfortable tightening of the chest.  It strikes patients more at night, so sleeplessness is often a factor, and may cause Sleep apnea.  Some chronic asthma patients become hypersensitive to stimulants like strong smells, pollens, or even pollutants.

    Some of the other triggers of asthma are dust mites, cockroaches, and even pathogens.  In some cases a patient taking bronchoconstrictor medicines, like beta-blockers or some hypertension medication, which could trigger severe breathing problems.  In these cases, asthma attacks can be sudden and even life threatening.  Today across the world, asthma has become the most prevalent disease.

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            Autism
    Autism is the term used to describe a group of complex brain disorders which develop gradually.  These disorders are also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) or Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) or Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC).  At the high-end is the Asperger's syndrome, while at the low end is the classic autism.  Autism spectrum disorders include Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), Rett syndrome, Childhood disintegrative disorder and Fragile X syndrome.

    There is this group of illnesses which are characterized by serious development problems which occur in early childhood, generally before age 3.  The group is known as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD).  These developmental problems are basically the inability to socialize, build relationships with others, communicate, and form imagination.  Any one of the stages of Autism which produces different symptoms, may be counteracted by Nutritional Diet and Supplementation which may allow deal with some of the nervous-system, intestinal, and deficiency problems which have hindered proper neurological growth.

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            Avoidant Personality Disorder
    Avoidant personality is an anxious personality disorder that stems from an individual's feelings of inferiority.  Extreme shyness and sensitivity to rejection are the main symptoms of this disorder.  A person under the influence of Avoidant Personality Disorder (AvPD) has a poor self-image.  Avoiding social interaction and activities, unwilling to involve self with people, maintaining a low profile and not interacting even with intimate relations, searching for new relationships causes a feeling of inadequacy, abnormally obsessed with trying to avoid embarrassment, always considering self unattractive or inferior, and also lacking interest in undertaking new ventures or initiatives are some of the common symptoms.  Science is yet to conclusively ascertain the cause of AvPD. Sometimes, it is attributed to the upbringing of an individual and his personal experiences of being ill-treated or perceived to have been ill-treated by society.

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            Back Pain
    The reasons for back pain are many; specialists have identified falls, bad posture, sudden jerks, or even osteoporosis as some of the root causes.  These problems could result in a herniated disk, Sciatica, Spinal Stenosis, Spondylosis, Spondylolisthesis, etc.

          When a spinal disk presses on a nerve, it causes a herniated disk.
          As a herniated disk presses hard on the sciatic nerve, resulting in sharp shooting pain
                right across the lower part of the body, this is known as Sciatica.
          Spinal Stenosis is a result of Arthritis. The space around the spinal cord and the nerve
                roots narrow because of the bone growth, pinching a nerve.
          Arthritis being a degenerative disease also affects the spine, causing Spondylosis.
          When the vertebras of the spinal column slip forward, over lapping each other the
                painful condition of Spondylolisthesis occurs.

    A little care can help prevent back pain, like extra calcium and other nutrition, along with (for women) making it essential to wear shoes with the right height of heels, stilettos are one of the major causes of back injury.  Also remember to correct the posture and learn the correct methods of lifting and bending.  Back pain has a wide array of solutions.  The correct diagnosis and specific solution will bring you relief.

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            Bad Breath (Halitosis)
    Having bad breath translates into people pulling away from you.  It is a social disaster.  There are many causes and treatments for this very simple and common problem.  Solve your bad breath issues and regain your social king/queen status.

    Having good bowel movements, friendly bacteria in one's gut area to help digestion, proper cirrculation, eating and drinking organic fruit (juices) or other herbal-teas using strong spices, and plenty of water all help to majorly reduce the waste in the stomach area causing bad breath.

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            Baldness
    Baldness is the condition wherein the person looses the growth of the hair.  It occurs both in men and in women.  It begins with hair thinning and then loosing hair.  Seen usually among males, the condition is attributable mostly to genetics.

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            Bedwetting
    (Bed-wetting) Enuresis in adults is a reason to be concerned about, unlike when the condition occurs in children.  Before the age of 6 or 7, this condition does not have to be a cause of concern in children.  However, past this age, if the condition continues, then medical and/or nutritional treatment intervention becomes a must.  Enuresis occurs in two types, which include daytime wetting (Diurnal Enuresis) and bed-wetting (Ncturnal Enuresis).  Studies show that 0.5% to 2.3% of adults suffer from bed-wetting problems.

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            Bipolar Disorder (BD)
    Bipolar Disorder is a condition wherein a person experiences two opposite moods - an elevated mood, called manic, and a downbeat mood, called depression.  There is also a corresponding change in the sleeping pattern, and levels of activity and energy.  These changes interfere in the normal functioning of the individual at work, school, home, and can also adversely affect personal relationships.  These changes in moods are usually separated by a period of normal mood behavior.

    However, in some cases there is a rapid reversal of moods known as 'rapid cycling or mixed state.'  These mood swings are different from the usual change in feelings from high to low, and vice-versa, experienced by normal individuals.  Bipolar Disorder is different from Unipolar Disorder - in which the person experiences only one kind of mood - depression.

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            Bladder Cancer
    Bladder Cancer is the most common form of cancer within a sac-like organ that is used to store urine.  Usually, as what has been realized by most medical doctors, the cancer begins in the cells that are assigned the job to line the inside of the bladder.  An early symptom which may indicate the development of the disease includes the presence of blood in the urine.  This condition is known as Hematuria, which may cause the blood to look cola colored or somewhat reddish.  Accompanying this, there might be frequent spells of urination, and pain during the same.  One complication that may surface in women, besides the occurrence of all such symptoms, is Urinary Tract Infection.  The cancer may also cause abdominal pain and backache.

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            Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
    Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological disorder, which makes the patients obsessive about their looks, in fact, they rue on an imagined defect in their appearance which they think makes them look ugly and heinous.  They have a strong negative feeling regarding their appearance and that prevents them from a normal lifestyle.  Like most of the Psychological Disorders, MAINSTREAM Medicine treats it with a combination of medicines and counseling.  Then gradually, patients are brought face to face with the reality and they consequently start living a normal life wherein they reveal themselves as confidant and smart individuals without any trace of complex.

    Let us check some of the causes:
          •   Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
          •   Chemical Imbalance in the brain
          •   Eating Disorder

    The disorder arises from one of these factors mentionedwhich create an inferiority complex in people.  There are specific features, which mostly become the region of concern like the nose, hair, skin, thighs, legs, teeth, breasts, genitals, chins, eyebrows and fingers.

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            Bone Cancer
    Bone cancer is triggered when there is a disorder and/or (mutation) of the cells that bones are made up of.  If the cancer starts in the bone, it is known as Primary Bone Cancer.  Tumors in the bone occur more commonly in adolescents and children compared to older adults.  When the bone is affected by cancer in older adults, it is usually due to the metastasis of the cancer from some other tumor located in another organof the body.

    Various Types of Bone Cancer
    Primary Bone Cancer occurs most commonly in the legs and arms, although it can also affect other bones of the body.  Primary Bone Cancers are usually referred to as Sarcomas, of which there are several types, each type of Sarcoma affects a different type of bone tissue, with the most common being: Chondrosarcoma; Ewing’s Sarcoma; and Osteosarcoma.

    Cancers like the above, which start in the bone, occur rarely.  However, it is quite common for cancers to spread from the other parts of the body to the bone.  This type of cancer is known as Metastatic Cancer.  Around 80% of the Metastatic Cancers that affect the bone are due to primary carcinomas that affect other organs such as the prostate, breast, kidney, lung, stomach, pancreas, and thyroid.  Each of these types of Metastatic Cancers, which affect the bone, is named according to the tissue or organ where the primary cancer occurs.

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            Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD)
    Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a serious mental disorder that is characterized by pervasive mood instability, unstable inter-personal relationships, unstable self image, and other types of destructive behavior.  The individual's sense of self identity is disturbed and they find it difficult to interpret reality, thereby disrupting their family and work life.  They are seen to value some people and idealize them, whereas on the other hand demean and disregard certain other people completely.  They set high expectations from people and get extremely disappointed when their desires and expectations are not met.  This extreme valuation and devaluation is the hallmark feature of this disorder.

    People with chaotic minds, irrational moods and disturbance in personality functions are ordinarily doubted to have Borderline Personality Disorder.  Basically, it is an emotional disorder that affects the behavior, interpersonal relationship and self-image of a person. The real cause behind this disorder could not be ascertained yet.  Genetic disorder and improper functioning of some of the brain chemicals that control mood may contribute towards this problem.  Besides, some external factors which caused bad emotional vulnerability, abusive relationships, turbulent childhood, etc. can also be responsible for it.  Borderline Personality Disorder symptoms are mostly found in adults above the age of 18 years.  However, symptoms in children during adolescence, cannot be ruled out.

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            Brain Cancer
    Brain Cancer or Brain Tumor (malignant), simply put, is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain.  To go ahead and further define it, it is any intra-cranial cancer instigated by uncontrolled and abnormal division of cells.  It could be either in the brain, in the pineal nerves or in the cranial nerves.  The interesting though shocking aspect is that those cells which form the components of the brain can lead to cancer.  There is one thing which needs to be clarified.  All the brain tumors are not malignant or cancerous.  On the other hand, any type of cancer is a tumor which is malignant.  This abnormal growth is nothing but a mass of cells coming together.  Brain Cancer is also called Glioma or Meningioma.  All forms of cancer, like all other illnesses and/or disease may be treated nutritionally.

    Causes:
          •   Exposure to Radiation       •   Genetics and Heredity       •   Cancer started in Other Parts of the body       •   Brain Tumor       •   Environmental Factors (Exposure to Toxins)       •   Over acidity in body       •   Poor diet, nutrition, supplements, leading to deficiency

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            Breast Cancer
    Breast cancer is a disease where malignant cells develop in the breasts, most often in the inner lining of milk ducts.  A disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues in the breast is known as breast cancer.  It is a heterogeneous disease, which means that it is a different disease in different women, different age groups and has different cell populations within the tumor itself.  This disease is usually more aggressive in younger women.  Luckily all breast lumps are not cancerous, yet the most common sign of breast cancer in both men and women is a lump or thickening of the breast and swollen lymph nodes in the underarm (axillary area).  Sometimes the lump is also found in the area above the collarbone (supraclavicular area). This is an indicator that the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.  All forms of cancer, like all other illnesses and/or disease may be treated nutritionally.

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            Brain Tumors
    Brain tumor refers to an abnormal growth of cells in the brain, resulting from uncontrolled cell division.  A tumor in the brain or the central spinal canal is known as a brain tumor.  It is a life-threatening ailment.  When there is a growth of an abnormal mass of cells, or tissue, in the brain, it is referred to as a brain tumor.  Brain tumors are generally classified as primary or secondary.  A primary brain tumor is the type that develops in the brain itself and can either be malignant or benign.  A secondary brain tumor, on the other hand, is the type that begins in another part of the body and spreads to the brain.  Secondary brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors.

    Brain tumors that are benign usually grow more slowly, can be removed more easily, according to where they are located, and the probability of them recurring is lower compared to cancerous brain tumors.  Also, non-cancerous tumors do not affect the surrounding tissues; however, their growth can result in pressure being applied to sensitive parts of the brain.  Cancerous brain tumors usually grow faster and destroy or invade the surrounding tissues of the brain.  Nevertheless, unlike the cancers that grow in other parts of the body, primary cancerous brain tumors usually do not spread to the other parts of the body.

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            Brain Injury
    Traumatic Brain Injury is also called acquired brain injury, or simply put – head injury and occurs when a sudden trauma occurs in the brain, damaging it or parts of it.  Injury can result when an object suddenly pierces through the skull and enters into the brain tissue or when the head hits an object violently.

    Other classic symptoms of TBI include severe headaches, lightheadedness, blurred vision, confusion, dizziness, tired eyes, bad taste in the mouth, ringing in the ears, lethargy, fatigue, mood swings, behavioral pattern changes, change in sleeping patterns and even trouble with Iconcentration, memory, thinking and attention.  In addition, some will also complain of a severe headache that appears to get worse or just does not go away.  Apart from this, the other symptoms are nausea and vomiting, seizures or convulsions, inability to awaken from sleep, dilation of the pupils, weakness, numbness in the extremities, slurred speech, increased confusion, loss of coordination, agitation or restlessness.

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            Bronchitis
    To understand bronchitis or bronchiolitis, you must have a basic idea about the anatomy of the respiratory system.  The human respiratory system comprises of anatomical structures that act as passageway for inhaled air.  The air that we breathe in, flows through the nasal passage and travels through the pharynx, larynx, and the trachea.  The trachea or the windpipe branches further into the right and left bronchial tubes.  The bronchial tubes branch out into smaller branches that are called bronchioles.  Clusters of tiny sacs, also referred to as alveolar sacs, are located at the end of the bronchioles.  These sacs are surrounded by thin-walled capillaries.  The oxygen from these tiny sacs is passed on into the capillaries, while carbon dioxide from the capillaries is released into the sacs, and is then exhaled out.  While the air supplies us with the life-giving oxygen, there are unwanted environmental irritants, allergens, or pathogens that we may alsoinhale.  Inhalation of these substances can cause inflammation of the airways.  The terms 'bronchitis' and 'bronchiolitis' refer to the inflammation of the bronchi and bronchioles respectively.

    How is Bronchitis Different from Bronchiolitis?
    Bronchitis and bronchiolitis are both respiratory infections, while bronchitis refers to the inflammation of the main airways, bronchiolitis is characterized by the inflammation of the bronchioles, which are the smallest branches located at the end of the main airways.  The difference mainly lies in the part of the respiratory tract that is affected by inflammation.  While bronchiolitis is mainly caused by respiratory synctial virus, bronchitis could be caused by varied strains of bacteria and viruses.

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            Burns
    Burn injuries can be very painful and tend to open up pathways for other infections.  Burn injuries are segregated into degrees (1st degree burns, 3rd degree burns, etc.) and are treated according to their degree of severity.  On-time treatment of a burn is very necessary as burns expose the skin to microbial infections, which make the situation even worse.  In addition to prevention of infection, timely healing of a burn will reduce the severity of the scarring.

    The Different Types of Burns
    Burns are categorized into three groups.  These are, first, second, and third degree burns.  First degree burns involve the burning of the outermost layer of the skin, called the epidermis.  It is the least serious and is characterized by reddened and painful skin.  Sunburn is an example of first degree burn.  Second degree burns occur when the epidermis as well as the dermis of the skin gets burnt or destroyed.  The identifying symptoms are the presence of swelling and blisters on the affected skin.  It is more painful than the first degree burn.  The last category, or third degree burns occur when all the layers of the skin get destroyed and the underlying tissues get exposed.  It often involves the destruction of nerves, and hence no pain or sensation is felt in the affected region.  It is the worst of the different types of burns.  Except first degree burns, both the other types of burns may need outside (Nutritional) medical intervention for healing.

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            Bursitis
    Joints are a very important part of the human body.  They have small sacks (bursae) containing synovial fluid, which ensures that an individual can move that particular joint freely.  Normally, if the bursae is healthy, it creates a smooth, frictionless, functional gliding process.  But, when there is an inflammation of this sack, it is called Bursitis, in medical terms.  These small sacks (bursae) containing synovial fluid in the joints of the body are in areas like the elbow, knee, ankle, etc. which can possibly experience inflammation (swelling due to a pathogen, lesion, and/or toxin).

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            Cancer
    Indeed, the moment a person allows the thought that it is the medicines and the doctors that are fighting their condition for them, the mind gets conditioned to being dependent upon the extremely harsh chemicals and the exhausting routines that are part of the regular cancer treatment procedure.  Since the mind plays a significant role in deciding how the body copes with the condition and responds to treatment, such conditioning often turns detrimental to the treatment of serious and terminal illnesses.  No, this is not dismissing the importance of chemotherapy and other medical procedures for cancer treatment.  However, besides following the routine fare, you should look into following a parallel healing course which is both natural and holistic.  Anti-cancer herbs and cancer preventing herbal remedies are not a recent developments in the treatment of malignant tissue growths.

    Many ancient and alternative medicine systems had recognized the anti-carcinogenic properties of certain spices and herbs that fight cancer and prevent the growth of cancerous cells ages ago.  One of many nutritional modalities is Chinese medicine and is one such system which recognizes the cancer fighting properties of various herbs and similar natural resources now being recognized by the West as having the claimed potential.  These cancer fighting herbs work in several ways, right from preventing the possibility of cancerous growths to killing off cancer cells.  Most of these herbs work as immune system boosters to enable the body to combat the enemy from within.  So before you consider just doing the (ab)normal treatments of Modern Medicine, contact others, like ND's, who may share and encourage you to envision the regain of your health, from another perspective.

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            Canker Sores (Cold Sores)
    Cold Sores vs Canker Sores: Similarities and Differences
    Both cold sores and canker sores are tiny, fluid filled pustules in and around mouth.  Cold sores are likely to erupt in and around lips, whereas canker sores develop on soft palate, under the tongue, inside the lips, cheeks, etc.  Canker sores are perceived as some form of ulcers or localized inflammation.  Their occurrence is triggered due to factors such as lack of sleep, vitamin deficiency, stress, etc.

    Causes
    Cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1).  This is not the same virus which causes genital herpes (caused by HSV-2).   However, the mode of working of both these herpes viruses is somewhat similar.  It stays deep inside the nervous system, in structures called ganglion.  The virus stays dormant in the body, until an appropriate opportunity presents itself.  In events such as immune suppression, stress, exposure to sunlight, etc., the virus becomes active and causes lesions on the skin.

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            Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) or Median Neuropathy at the wrist is a painful disorder of the wrist and hand.  The carpal tunnel is a passageway at the base of the hands, or the wrists, made up of bones and ligaments, through which the median nerve passes.  The median nerve is what provides feeling to your thumb, the index finger, the middle finger, and the ring finger.  When pressure is applied on the median nerve due to inflammation or swelling of the tendons and ligaments in the carpal tunnel, it results in weakness, tingling, numbness, or pain in the fingers and hands.

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            Celiac Disease
    The Celiac or Coeliac Disease or Gluten Insensitive Enteropathy is a side effect of a genetic anomaly in the human genome, which makes the body intolerant to foods containing gliadin, a component of gluten.  This intolerance to gliadin (within gluten) manifests itself through a vicious attack by the immune system, on the assimilation centers of the body in the small intestine called villi.  This happens after gliadin reacts with the enzyme tissue transglutaminase.

    It is an allergic reaction of the immune system of the body, in which it mistakenly attacks the villis considering the gliadin byproduct to be a pathogen.  For this reason it is considered an Autoimmune Disease.  The villi are a set of cells that line the inner surface of the small intestine which are responsible for assimilating nutrients from the digested food.  If the villis are destroyed, the assimilation system of the body is damaged.  Nutrient assimilation comes to a halt.  As a result the victim suffers malnutrition, constipation and many more long range effects, if the problem is not diagnosed and rectified soon.

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            Cervical Cancer
    Cervical Cancer is a malignant cancer in the cervical area.  It have vaginal bleeding as a symptom.  However, the disease is fairly silent up till quite an advanced stage.

    The lowest narrow end of the uterus is known as cervix.  It is opening of the uterus that is connected to upper vagina.  Before the development of cancer, the cervical cells undergo certain changes, known as Dysplasia.  During this stage, abnormal cells start to appear in the cervical tissue.  After that, cancer cells begin to grow and spread into cervix and surrounding areas.   Cervical cancer is characterized by an abnormal growth of malignant cells in the cervix.  It is the second most common cancer in females and occurs generally between 40 and 55 years of age.  It can be successfully cured if detected in the early stage.

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            Cholesterol
    Cholesterol is actually an essential component of cell membranes in mammals.  Basically it is a waxy steroid in the cell membranes and is transported in the blood plasma.  It is classified as a Sterol in scientific terms.  However, there's a preconceived notion in many people's minds when they hear the term 'Cholesterol'.  We feel that it is bad to have cholesterol-increasing foods in our diet, which is the root cause of many a heart-problems.  However, this notion is not entirely true.  The reason for it being, cholesterol is of two types - good cholesterol and bad cholesterol.  Good cholesterol consists of the high density lipoproteins (HDL) in blood with various positive health advantages, while on the other hand, bad cholesterol are all the low density lipoproteins (LDL), very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and triglycerides having the negative effects.  So, it's important to keep the bad cholesterol levels down and the desirable HDL levels normal, to have a healthy heart and body.

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            Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
    COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and is a generic term that is used for describing people who suffer from severe bronchitis or severe emphysema, or both.  It is also referred to as COLD (Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease) sometimes.  This condition affects the airways of the lung (bronchi) and damages the emphysema which are the smaller air sacs (alveoli).  This condition mainly develops in people who are regular and heavy smokers.  A patient who suffers from COPD will experience a tightness in the chest and difficulty in breathing.  It is a severe condition that gets worse with time.

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            Colon Cancer
    Colon cancer is a result of uncontrollable growth of cells in the large intestine, without dying, as normal cells do.  There are certain noncancerous tumors known as adenomatous polyps grown within the large intestine, mainly on the walls.  These grow cancerous over time, if not detected, and lead to colon cancer.  Many a time, the term colon cancer is used interchangeably with Colorectal Cancer, which occurs in the rectum, that is close to the anus, towards the end of the large intestine.

    Colon is the last part of the digestive system.  It is a tubular, muscular organ that measures about 4 feet in length.  Its main function is to extract salt and water from the solid wastes, before being eliminated from the body and to store and control an elimination of fecal matter.  Colon cancer begins in the large intestine (colon) or it starts at the end of the colon, rectum.  It is also known as colorectal cancer.  Some other rare types of colon cancer are carcinoid tumors, lymphoma, sarcomas and lymphoma.

    see Cancer

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            Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
    Congestive heart failure, or CHF, which is also referred to as congestive cardiac failure, or CCF, or simply heart failure, is a medical problem wherein the heart loses its ability to fill with or pump adequate amounts of blood to the various parts of the body as well as the organs, which leads fluid retention in the body. This condition occurs due to various factors, such as:

          •   The narrowing of the arteries supplying the heart muscle with blood, known as coronary artery disease       •   Myocardial infarction, wherein there is scar tissue, which hinders the normal working of the heart muscle       •   Impairment of the heart valve because of rheumatic fever in the past, or other reasons       •   Congenital defects of the heart       •   High blood pressure       •   Cardiomyopathy, which is a disorder of the heart muscle or myocardium, generally of unknown causes       •   Endocarditis, which is an inflammation of the heart valves and the endocardium       •   Myocarditis, which is the inflammation of the muscular tissue of the heart, or myocardium

    The impaired heart continues to work, but cannot do so as efficiently as it does normally.  Those who are affected with congestive heart failure lose their ability to exert themselves as they tire fast and become short of breath.

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            Cradle Cap
    Cradle Cap is observed in recently born babies.  It is a patchy, yellowish, greasy and crusty skin rash occurring on the scalp of the new born babies.  Many times radiation and other factors may have something to do with causing Cradle Cap.

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            Crohn's Disease
    Crohn's Disease is characterized by the inflammation of the intestines.  It basically hits the intestinal tract and as such has an effect on any part from anus to mouth.  It mostly affects the lower part of the small intestine, the ileum.

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            Dandruff
    Do you know what Seborrheic Dermatitis or Pityriasis is?  It is the medical term for Dandruff.  Unlike "Dry Scalp," it is mainly caused due to overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands in the scalp.  This sebum gets mixed with sweat, dead cells and bacteria.  Due to the bacterial intervention, Dandruff is highly contagious.  Besides, following causes also contribute to Dandruff.  Bad hygiene practices is yet another cause of Dandruff, hence, people who do not wash their hair frequently, are susceptible to Dandruff problems.  Often, genetic predisposition also makes one vulnerable to Dandruff.  People with African-American origin are also prone to Dandruff due to their hair type.  The thick and curly hair do not allow proper aeration of scalp.  Also, the sebaceous glands are not well hydrated, thereby increasing the risk of Dandruff.  Hair care products like balms, gels and jellies aggravate the condition of Dandruff by trapping the bacteria and creating conducive environment for their growth.

    Dry Scalp on the other hand is caused due to under secretion of sebaceous glands.  The dehydrated sebaceous glands lead to dryness of the skin on the scalp, which results in scaly white flakes, which eventually come off the scalp.  Drinking too little water may also cause the skin on scalp to become dehydrated.  Skin conditions like psoriasis increase the susceptibility to dry scalp.  The dead skin cells may or may not stick to the scalp.  You are more likely to have Dry Scalp if you stay in cold and dry climate zone.  This is the reason why dry scalp is more prevalent in winter.

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            Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
    Deep Vein Thrombosis commonly occurs in veins of a person's limbs.  The most common areas for thrombosis are the calf and the thigh in a person's feet.  This condition is also known to appear in a person's arms, but only very rarely.  DVT usually starts with a tiny blood clot in your limbs.  This clot can gradually increase in its size causing some serious circulation problems.  A pictorial display of a blood clot, magnified 5000 times to enhance its clarity, has been given alongside for your reference.  There are high chances of these clots shifting with flowing blood to the central organs of a person's body such as his heart, his lungs or towards the brain.  This can prove VERY SERIOUS.

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            Dehydration
    Excessive loss of fluid from the body is called dehydration.  If we have to look at the literal meaning of the word, then it means removal of water from an object, but if we talk about it in physiological terms, it is the deficiency of fluid in an organism.  There are three types of dehydration, namely hypotonic (hyponatremic), hypertonic (hypernatremic) and isotonic (isonatremic).  In hypotonic, primarily there is loss of electrolytes from the body, sodium to be particular.  On the other hand, in hypertonic, there is loss of water from the body.  On the other hand in isotonic, there is equal loss of water and electrolytes. Humans, normally, suffer from isotonic type of dehydration.  Dehydration happens, when a person loses more bodily fluid, than the intake.  It normally happens over a period of time, however, it can happen quickly in some cases.  So, be careful.

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            Dependent Personality Disorder
    Dependent Personality Disorder introduces fear and insecurity in terms of being separated from the caregiving figure, who is believed to be the sole supplier of all the necessities in life.  People with this disorder believe that they are incapable of taking responsibilities, even for the simplest of matters.  They perceive the world to be too harsh, keeping in mind their lack of confidence in themselves, and consider it impossible to survive on their own.  This is the reason why they look for someone who they think is strong enough to keep them safe and sound from the difficulties in the world.  They want to feel secure in each and every possible way, which is why they tend to become extremely submissive, docile, and clingy towards that one prominent caretaker in their life.  They never disagree with anything, and even suffer abusive behavior from the caregiver without any complaint.  These people also find it difficult to maintain healthy relationships, and fail to take the initiative for anything, be it something as simple as going out for a walk!  There are no established causes of this condition, however, various hypotheses have thrown light on some developmental factors during childhood, that correlate with this condition.  This disorder is chronic in nature, and affects both men and women.

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            Depression
    It is a state where you are mentally low and have no enthusiasm or vigor left to do things.  It basically refers to a low mood and aversion to any kind of activity.  Depression symptoms include bouts of feeling low, frustration and low self-esteem.  Depression is mysteriously painful, making you more and more disconnected with yourself and those around you, and allowing you to become apathetic and brood darkly over matters you could really feel positive about.  This acute sadness can make you feel lost and anxious.  It results from the psychological changes you go through or hormonal changes taking place in your body.  Teenage depression, for example - teenage being a phase of life characterized by a lot of physical and psychological changes, it's during the teenage years that life seems to be taking an all new shape and it gets difficult at times to cope up with these changes within and around you.  Postpartum depression (PPD), is an example of a type of clinical depression that affects women after childbirth.  This condition is attributed to a sudden change in their role and life as also bodily changes due to pregnancy and after delivery.

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            Diabetes
    Diabetes Mellitus (DM), commonly referred to simply as diabetes, is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia).  Blood glucose levels are controlled by hormone insulin produced by the pancreas.  When production of insulin is insufficient it affects normalization of the glucose level.  The two most common types of diabetes mellitus are due to either an insufficient production of insulin (in type 1 diabetes), or insufficient response by the body to insulin (in type 2 diabetes and gestational).  Basically, one, but most likey both problems may exist: where the body has an excess of chemical sugars and/or the pancreas is hindered by toxins, mucus, etc.  Both needs (specific) forms of (strategic) detoxification.

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            Diaper Rash
    Due to the moisture and slight roughage of the nappy pad, infants develop a reaction of boils, itchiness and mild swelling of the skin on the affected area.  This is known as diaper rash.  Most mothers worry over baby diaper rash, as these rashes really burn and prick the baby.  This in turn, makes the babies upset and agitated.  Baby diaper rash are usually reddish pink in color and can be seen around the area where the diaper is worn and near the genitals.  Sometimes, if these rashes are not treated on time, they may turn into sores, blisters or aberrations.  Since moisture is the instigator for most baby diaper rash, these rashes tend to spread to other parts of the baby's lower body, that is, on the buttocks, inner thighs and legs.

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            Diarrhea
    Diarrhea is a condition wherein the patient experiences frequent and fluid bowel movement.  It is, in fact, the second largest reason for death of infants world wide.  Diarrhea is the passage of 3 or more loose, watery stools per day.  Whether acute or chronic, it is due to hypermotility of the colon or due to disturbances in fluid and electrolytes in the intestine.  Much of the weight of a stool is made up of water.  Thus, during the course of diarrhea, a lot of water is lost from the body.  This is the reason why people get dehydrated during this illness. Diarrhea has many causes, and treatment lies in addressing the particular factor that is actually causing it.

    Diarrhea can be acute, meaning that it lasts for a short duration of time (around 10 - 12 days), or chronic, which refers to diarrhea that does not get better for more than a month.  A third type, called traveler's diarrhea, occurs to people who travel to places where diarrhea is endemic.

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            Disabilities
    Comprehensive guide to various physical, mental and developmental disabilities and rehabilitation.  Throughout the world, there are millions of people who have some form of emotional, mental, or physical handicap that can limit their activities to varying degrees.  The terms disabled and differently abled are both preferable terms to the outdated term handicapped.  Disabilities can be the result of accidents, resulting in paralysis, brain damage, etc., while some people are born with such afflictions as cerebral palsy, spina bifida, Down syndrome, muscular dystrophy, blindness, etc.  This guide offers disability facts, statistics, information and resources on a list of disabilities covering several mental, physical, and emotional handicaps and the necessary assessment, treatment for people with disabilities, and advocacy of it in both public and private arenas.  Disability facts and information for parents of children with physical disabilities and medical issues.  Disability resources to learn about accessibility, disabled assistance, developmental and learning disabilities in physically handicapped children, disabilities rights and parenting kids with disabilities.

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            Diverticulitis
    Diverticulitis is a common digestive disease, found mostly in the large intestine.  The large intestine stores and eliminates waste materials.  Pressure on the walls of the large intestine or colon causes portions of the colon walls to protrude out and form pouches called diverticula.  The formation of these pouches on the walls of the colon is called diverticulosis.  Usually, people do not experience any symptoms that indicates the presence of diverticula in their intestines.  However, some people do experience different symptoms and when symptoms accompany diverticula formation, the condition is called diverticular disease.  Often stool and bacteria get caught in these pouches and may lead to infection and inflammation of the diverticula.  The condition when the pouches become infected is called diverticulitis.

    The exact reason or factor that triggers diverticulitis is not known, however, according to popular belief, it is said that low fiber diet has a prominent role in causing diverticulitis.  Fiber present in fruits and vegetables improve bowel movements and lack of fiber in the diet conduces to constipation.  Constipation causes muscle strain while passing stool and the strain in turn spearheads formation of diverticula in the colon.

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            Down Syndrome
    Down Syndrome is a disorder developed as a result of an extra 21st chromosome called, Trisomy 21.  Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder that is caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome.  Down syndrome is associated with impairment of cognitive ability, physical growth and facial appearance.  It can be identified during pregnancy or at birth.

    People with Down syndrome tend to have a lower than average cognitive ability, often ranging from mild to moderate learning disabilities.  A small number of people have severe to profound mental disability.  The occurrence of Down syndrome is estimated at 1 per 800 to 1,000 births, although these statistics are heavily influenced by the age of the mother.  Other factors also exist.  The symptoms can differ widely from child to child.  While some kids with Down syndrome need a lot of medical attention, others lead very healthy and independent life.

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            Drug Abuse
    Substances referred to as drugs includes pharmaceuticals, 'designer' drugs, nicotine from tobacco, and the ethyl alcohol of alcoholic beverages.  The term 'drug' may be associated with substances that are purchased legally, or illegal substances, which are taken for the purpose of intoxication.  Drug abuse most often refers to the regular use of a drug thatcauses physical or mental harm to the user.  Alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs are frequently abused by children and teens; availability and peer pressure make them difficult to avoid.  Articles listed here provide information on drug abuse, ways to avoid this social menace, physical effects of drugs on the body, drug abuse treatment and rehabilitation.

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            Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)
    Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding as name suggests is one of the most common causes of abnormal vaginal bleeding in women during their reproductive years.  Although it can occur any time throughout woman’s reproductive years, it generally occurs at the beginning or end of it.

    Normally women lose about 40-155 ml blood during their menstrual cycle which occurs every 21 to 35 days.  During the first four days of menstrual cycle disintegration and sloughing of the functionalis layer (endometrium) takes place.  For next 8-9 days follicular (proliferation) phase takes place in which estrogen stimulation brings about endometrial proliferation.  Follicle Stimulating Hormones (FSH) helps ovarian follicles produce the estrogen.  During this phase, the complexity of spiral arteries increases along with its length.  Next, the ovarian follicle ruptures and ovulation takes place followed by luteal phase in which corpus luteum produces progesterone and estrogens in rest of the days till next cycle starts.

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            Dyslexia
    A learning disability, Dyslexia is often misunderstood by both parents and teachers.  It is said that every Dyslexic child/adult is different as symptoms of Dyslexia observed in a particular child/adult may not be observed in the other.  Many people are under the wrong impression that Dyslexia is a 'disease.'  Dyslexia is in fact, not a disease but a situation in which the mind has developed in its own way, with its own merits and demerits.  A Dyslexic child hence, need not be cured but he or she certainly needs an environment in which the child can utilize his or her potential to lead a better life.  Since Dyslexia has been known for long, through medical studies and experimental results, numerous common Dyslexia symptoms have been recorded.

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            Ear Infections
    Ear pain is not visible and cannot be felt either.  Children and adults, both suffer from the ear pain at times.  Causes may differ, but early treatment is important before the problem aggravates.  The ear is a structure that is made of three parts, the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear.  The middle ear is connected to the back of the throats and nose via a tube called the Eustachian.  Talking about infections, most people have had to deal with them at least once in their life be it for themselves or for their kids.  These infections of the ear are very common, especially in kids.  When there is an inflammation in the ear, the medical term is 'Otitis', this occurs when there is presence of bacteria or virus in the ear.

    Otitis Media is the infection of the middle ear.  It is also called glue ear.  This type of infection affects the area behind the eardrum and causes swelling.  This type is more often found in children and can lead to earaches and fever.  Otitis Media can affect both ears at the same time.  Otitis Media is caused when a child has a cold, sore throat, or nasal allergy like hay fever, and this affects the Eustachian tube and leads to swelling of the middle ear.

    Otitis Externa is an infection in the outer ear, it is also called swimmers ear.  This infection is caused when there is bacteria or fungus in the outer ear.  This normally happens due to moisture or water in the ear, hence swimmer's ear.  Otitis Externa can come about even because of eczema or use of hairspray and hair color getting into the ear canal.

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            Ear Problems
    The ear is one of the most vital sensory organs of the human body.  It comprises three major parts: the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear.  The outer ear includes the pinna and ear canal.  It is separated from the middle ear by an eardrum.  The middle ear is an air-filled space present behind the eardrum.  It consists of three small bones namely the incus, malleus and stapes.  The inner ear consists of the hearing and balance organs.  There may be various problems associated with the inner ear.  An infection is one of the most common inner ear problems.

    Ear infections are usually painful, and are a common occurrence in childhood.  Although, ear infections largely clear up on their own, if they are viral, or can be treated effectively with antibiotics.  If the infection is bacterial, they can sometimes become a persistent problem, along with the build up of fluid in the middle ear, which in turn can lead to other problems like loss of hearing, speech problems, behavioral problems.

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            Eating Disorders
    Modern day lifestyle and social expectations have rendered the current generations to link their body weight to their self worth.  This has aggravated a strange problem which is basically psychological, but, has tumescent physiological manifestations.  Basically, Eating Disorders refer to adopting certain eating behavior or diet methods which are abnormal and deviant.  People affected by these disorders may think excessively about food, weight, body aspect.  They can have a normal weight, or they can be underweight or weigh above the normal weight.

    There are many eating disorders however the three main eating disorders are anorexia, bulimia, and compulsive eating disorder.  However, it matters not whether one is overeating or not eating or binging and purging, they all have one thing in common, an obsession with food (or lack of it).

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            Eczema
    Eczema is defined as the combination of a group of medical conditions which lead to inflammation on the skin that may cause itching, irritation and reddening.  There are many types of eczema, the most common being atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis.  It is called so, because the word atopic means a collection of diseases which develop allergic reactions on the skin or dermis.  Eczema can occur on any part of the body, the most common areas being face, hands and legs, knees, neck, back, etc., leading to the skin becoming scaly, itchy and dry.  There are many causes or common eczema triggers which are prevalent, due to which there are skin rashes and inflammatory reactions that are observed on large areas of the body.  They could be food, chemicals, internal factors, or any other physical triggers.

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            Endometriosis
    There are times for a woman when she feels blessed for being so and there are stages when she says to herself that why does she have to go through this.  Endometriosis is such a stage which is not pleasant at all.  It consists of two words – endo (inside) metra (womb or the uterus).  It is a condition when a tissue similar to the inner lining consisting of endometrial cells is found in areas in the body other than the uterine cavity.  Endometriosis is an estrogen-related, progressive disorder, a medical condition that affects a woman's reproductive system.  The uterus, also known as the womb, is an organ where the baby develops till birth.  In this disorder, the endometrium (mucous membrane) that is inside the uterus, grows outside the uterus.  The most common places where endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus are the bladder, ovaries, bowels, and at times, even behind the uterus.  Endometrial growths have also been detected in the lungs and arms, although this is very rare.  Women in their early thirties are commonly diagnosed with this disease.

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            Enlarged Prostate
    A male organ, the prostate gland is located beneath the bladder and it surrounds the urethra.  The main function of the prostate gland is to secrete semen, which is a milky-colored fluid that nourishes and transports the sperm during ejaculation.  Clinically termed as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), the condition of an enlarged prostate occurs, when there is a rapid multiplication of cells in the central portion of the gland, during its growth.  Due to this enlargement, the prostate presses on the urethra (duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct) and partially blocks urine and/or semen flow.

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            Epilepsy (Seizure)
    Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures.  There are a range in which nerological pathways are affected, ranging in different types of Epilepsies.

    Catamenial Epilepsy - is a kind of epilepsy which is experienced by women, in which seizures occur when a woman has her monthly menstrual cycle.  Another form of catamenial epilepsy is when the number of seizures increases, just before a woman's menstruation or during the menstruation or when the process of ovulation takes place in her.  Progesterone has anti-convulsive properties; seizures may start when its levels become low.

    Myoclonus Epilepsy refers to sudden and involuntary twitching of a group of muscles.  It is an indication of a medical condition and not a diagnosis itself.  Types of Myoclonus Epilepsy's are:
    Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy - This form of myoclonus epilepsy involves muscle twitching in neck, shoulder or upper arms.
    Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy - encompasses a plethora of conditions, which represent an array of diseases and disorders.  It is different from juvenile myoclonic epilepsy in number of ways.  In JME, jerking occurs as an integral part of seizure, while in progressive myoclonus epilepsy, it occurs differently.
    Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome - It is a pretty uncommon type of Myoclonus Epilepsy.  Often, it also includes other forms of seizures.  Mostly, it occurs during early childhood, and the seizures are pretty severe.  The seizures occur mostly in the upper half of the body.
    Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsy or Doose syndrome - is fairly rare and affects about 2 out of 100 children suffering from epilepsy.  It is characterized by frequent seizures which end in falling on the ground.  Often, there are periods when consciousness is lost for a brief time.

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            Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
    As you must be aware, erectile dysfunction (ED) is a sexual disorder faced by most men, wherein, they remain unable to achieve an erection required for sexual intercourse.  It is also known as impotency.  Occasional occurrence of this problem isn't a reason to worry about.  However, frequent episodes sure are, as it may cause stress in a relationship, or affect the self-confidence of the person suffering from it.  Although erectile dysfunction is mostly considered as a sexual problem, but it may also indicate the development or worsening of other underlying medical conditions like heart diseases or disorders, or uncontrolled diabetes.  Speaking of the symptoms, they occur according to the severity of the condition.  Some men may be suffering from complete dysfunction thus, unable to achieve any kind of erection.  While some men may not keep their erection long enough for penetration thus, have a problem of inconsistency.  And there are men who, despite of achieving an erection, and making a penetration, cannot maintain it further.  They have the problem of brief erection.  Now, let us know what types of natural cures for erectile dysfunction are available to deal with the condition.

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            Eye Problems
    The eye is a very sensitive part of the body, which when infected or hurt disrupts routine life in a major way.  With sore and aching eyes, it is not possible to carry out one's daily activities.  Moreover, they are very important parts of our body, because vision is something that cannot be compromised upon.  Most of us encounter some or the other eye problem once in a while.  Some of the common eye problems in adults and children are irritation, reddening of the eye, eye twitching, itching, puffy eyes, etc.  Sometimes these symptoms may disappear in a day or two and may not imply something more serious.  However, sometimes the condition may be deleterious.

    Several problems with the eye exists, and most are symptoms or results from some pressure or (nutrient) deficiency related to other part of the body.

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            Fibromyalgia
    Pain in the joints, tendons and muscles is not a rare condition, and with age and other factors, these are bound to attack one's health.  We know of many common conditions like arthritis, systemic lupus, polymyositis and other diseases that are associated with muscle and joint pain.  Fibromyalgia is also one name that associates with muscle and joint pain.  It can be described as a chronic condition, a rheumatologic disorder that leads to pain in the muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons.  It also causes stiffness and tenderness along with pain, and sometimes is also defined as fibrositis or fibromyositis.  This disorder typically affects more women than men.  Fibromyalgia can happen at any age between 30 to 50 years and above.  Unlike other joint and muscle pain disorders, that have an underlying cause for the pain, fibromyalgia till date does not have a specific cause, and research is still working on finding the exact cause of it.  There is no inflammation of the muscles or similar conditions.  Therefore in fibromyalgia, the patient will not suffer from any internal body damage or any other deformity.

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            Fracture
    Sometimes, excess pressure is applied to a bone that results in the breaking of the bone, also called a fracture.  Fractures are common.  Most people suffer from fractures at least once during their lifetime.  Children's bones are relatively more flexible and less likely to break.  Falls or other accidents that do not cause harm in children can cause complete fractures in older adults.  Older adults suffer from fractures more than children because their bones are comparatively brittle.

    Bone fractures are caused by various reasons.  It could be because of a fall from a height, motor accidents and repetitive forces on the bone because of physical activities like running or weightlifting.

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            Freckles
    Freckles are basically concentration of melanin which cause pigmentation and comparatively darker spots on the skin, and are found only in people with a fair complexion.  However, it is not a condition found at the time of birth, but develops over the years, especially before attaining puberty.  That being said, freckles are a genetic predisposition, which is why it affects some more than others.  Those who have freckles must try and avoid their skin from getting exposed to sunlight, the reason being that sunlight over activates the melanocytes, which produce melanin.  Fortunately, those who are having trouble dealing with this problem can try certain natural herbal remedies at home, which help lighten or ridding of freckles.

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            Flu
    Cold and flu (Influenza) are very common infection.  While Cold is a infection of the upper respiratory system, RNA viruses cause flu.  Either of these infections usually leads to the other.

    Common Cold - As the name suggests, Common Cold is practically the most common infectious disease to affect any individual.  This is a contagious viral infection that affects the upper respiratory tract.  This is caused due to rhinovirus and coronavirus.  The common symptoms of this condition include a constant sore throat, a runny nose and at times, a headache.  A sore throat is usually the main symptom that helps to differentiate between symptoms of Flu and Cold.  These symptoms generally resolve spontaneously within a few days, though they may last for up to three weeks as well.

    Influenza or Flu - as it is commonly called, is an infectious disease that is caused due to RNA viruses that belong to the family Orthomyxoviridae.  This virus affects birds and mammals.  This condition, though, affects the entire respiratory tract, also usually leads to systemic symptoms like fever, chills and body ache as well.  This disease is a far more serious condition when compared to the Common Cold.  One of the main Flu vs Cold symptoms that help differentiate between these two commonly misdiagnosed conditions is the fact that the systemic symptoms can become quite serious if not dealt within time.  It can lead to complications like nausea, diarrhea, gastroenteritis, etc.  It can also lead to lung infections like pneumonia.

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            Gallbladder Disease
    The gallbladder is a small organ located underneath your liver at the right hand side.  It is a pear shaped organ which actually stores the bile, which is a digestive fluid that helps in digesting meals which are high in fat and cholesterol.  The formation of sludge in the gallbladder occurs when the bile combines with other particles like cholesterol crystals, mucus, calcium and salt particles.  All these particles combine to form a dense sludge in the bladder.  The sludge may either flush out on its own, or remain.  If the gallbladder sludge is thick in density, then it may lead to formation of gallstones.

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            Gallstones
    In order to know what the types of gallstones are, we first need to be introduced to what gallstones are.  Gallstones are formed by the solidification of cholesterol or the pigments that are present in the bile in the gallbladder.  The gallbladder is the organ which contains and preserves bile.  Bile is the fluid that helps our body digest and absorb fats easily into our body.  This bile contains a lot of components, most prominent of which are cholesterol, bile salts, and a pigment called bilirubin.  When any of the above, for any reason get solidified, with the help of calcification, they begin to block the common bile duct (the duct from which the bile is introduced into the small intestine for the digestion of fats).  This makes the digestion difficult and the 'stones' get further hardened.  A condiiton called, "cholelithiasis" where gall stones are formed in gall bladder.

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            Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
    Generalized Anxiety Disorder or GAD is characterized by irrational worry about the preposterous situations that are never likely to occur.  They invade the mind to an extent that we cannot look beyond the worry.  Thus it begins to interfere in our day-to-day chores, dislodging efficiency.  People suffering from GAD often worry about or think too much about extreme disasters, catastrophes, health issues, money, family problems, and problems related to relatives and friends.  The constant anxiety manifests into muscle pains, insomnia, swallowing difficulty, difficulty in breathing, irritability, and even sweating.  GAD is one out of a few Anxiety Disorders.

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            Genital Herpes
    Herpes simplex is a viral disease caused by herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2).  Genital herpes, commonly known as herpes, is infection of the genitals with the herpes simplex virus.  Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD), mostly caused by HSV-2.  Although, the main mode of transmission of this virus is sexual contact between people, it can also make its way into the body through small breaks such as wounds, sores, cuts or bruises in the skin, and through mucous membranes such as those in the mouth, and eyes.

    In women, signs of genital herpes include the formation of sores in the vaginal region, buttocks, anal region, and external genitals.  Blisters and ulcers may also appear in the lower part of the womb, also known as the cervix.  Vaginal discharge is also common.

    In men, the sores erupt in the penile region, scrotum, and the anal region.  Thighs and buttock may also develop the painful sores.  In some men, the infection can cause the sores to form inside the urethra as well.  The urethra is the duct that is used in discharging urine.

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            Genital Warts
    Information on genital warts also known as Condyloma which is a venereal disease caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) and a common form of sexually transmitted disease (STD).  Genital warts are characterized by the abnormal skin growths, occurring on and around the genital parts of both men and women.  Presence of this protruding mass of skin is an indication that the person is suffering from a sexually transmitted disease.  Warts appear like small bumps which are white, red, or pink in color.  Genital warts can look like a tint gray colored swelling in the genitals or sometimes they also look like clusters in the form of a cauliflower.  In many cases, people do not even know that they have genital warts and sometimes it goes away without treatment.  Genital warts are contagious and mostly spread through sexual contact.  Once the body cells are attacked by the HPV, the person may show the symptoms within 3-4 months.  Some studies suggest that even if an HPV infected person does not develop signs, he or she can transmit the virus through sexual contact.  A person with a strong immune system might not be affected by the virus.  If it is left untreated, they can develop into a serious nuisance for the body.  In some cases this infection can also lead to cervical, penile, or anal cancer.  Thus, it is very important to know the different stages of genital warts for proper medical treatment.  However, any stage of HPV or genital warts can be effectively treated naturopathically.

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            Glomerulonephritis (Nephritis)
    Glomerulonephritis, also known as Nephritis or GN, is an ailment that affects the kidneys, wherein its tiny filters, known as Glomeruli which help in cleaning the blood, somehow get damaged or inflamed.  This results in red blood cells and protein, which circulate in the blood normally, passing into the urine.

    If Glomerulonephritis is left untreated or is not responsive to treatment, it could lead to the gradual destruction of the Glomeruli.  This in turn would lead to the kidneys losing their ability to cleanse the blood, eventually resulting in kidney failure.

    Glomerulonephritis can either be acute, which means a sudden inflammation or it could be chronic, wherein it occurs gradually.  Also, Glomerulonephritis can either be a disease by itself, known as primary Glomerulonephritis or a part of a systematic disease, like Diabetes or Lupus.

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            Gonorrhea
    Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted disease that can affect both men and women.  It is called by a bacterium Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, which grows and multiplies in the cervix, uterus, and the fallopian tube in women and in the urethra in both men and women.  It can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.

    The Gonorrhea symptoms differ from men and women.  For women, the primary affected area is the cervix.  However, if not treated properly, this often spreads to the uterus and fallopian tubes.  It can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.  Gonorrhea symptoms in the throat may cause a sore throat or a pus filled growth in the tonsil at the back of the throat, and difficulty in swallowing.  Symptoms depend on the site where the bacteria was introduced, the duration of infection and whether the infection has localized or spread.

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            Gout
    Gout is a medical condition that arises when crystals of uric acid precipitate on the articular cartilages of body joints.  Gout is symbolised by increased level of uric acid (mostly from the consumption of lots of meat which is why it is called the, "Disease of Kings." in the blood.  It is caused due to improper metabolism of uric acid in the body.  This increased level of uric acid is manifested through deposition of of uric acid on the cartilage of tendons and joints as well as the surrounding tissues.  The condition is most observed in the toes of men, but also affects women and other body parts or joints as well.  It is accompanied by fever, intense joint pain and inflammation of the tissues, in and around the affected joint.  Gout attacks the big toe, heel, ankle, instep, wrist, knee, fingers, elbow and/or the spine.  Gout is an important type of arthritis, characterized by sudden, burning pain along with inflammation, swelling, redness, and stiffness in the affected joints and the area surrounding it.  Blood serum comprises uric acid as a vital component; however, in the case of hyperuricemia or hypouricemia, the elevated or lower levels of uric acid leads to the onslaught of gout.  The precipitation of uric acid is also observed in the case of low blood pH, a condition medically referred to as acidosis.

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            Gum Diseases
    Gum Disease is also known as periodontal disease and is a condition which is characterized by an infection and inflammation of the gums, teeth, tissue as well as the bone structure.  The gums support the teeth and when they are attacked, it can lead to varied complications.  Gum Disease might start out as plaque and if left untreated at this stage, can turn into tartar and eventually to inflamed gums (Gingivitis).  In its worst form it could lead to bone and teeth loss.  This condition will lead to a number of symptoms like redness, swelling and bleeding of gums as well as problems of bad breath.  All these symptoms directly affect our eating habits.  Imagine the discomfort and pain when affected by gum disease.  The inability to do anything normally.  That is why, proper treatment for the same needs to be undertaken at the earliest, natural treatment may be best.

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            Gynecomastia
    When there is the development of abnormally large mammary glands in men, that leads to breast enlargement, it is called Gynecomastia.

    There are several causes of the condition, the major one being hormonal imbalance.  When a child is in the womb, estrogen is transferred to the male child and results in a slightly swollen chest, this usually disappears within a few weeks.  During puberty, due to hormonal imbalance, most guys develop small breasts and again this disappears after a while.  In addition, it develops in men over the age of 50 years, due to decrease in the production of testosterone.  Gynecomastia is caused due to obesity, in many people.  It may sometimes be seen as a side effect of some medications and drugs.  It is also caused due to the improper functioning of the adrenal gland.  People suffering from certain kidney and liver diseases develop male breasts due to the organs' incapability to dispose off excess estrogen from the body.  Klinefelter syndrome, in which men have XXY chromosome, instead of XY also causes men to have female features.  Some studies suggest that excessive use of marijuana can trigger the condition, however there are no evidences to prove the same.  Gynecomastia symptoms are sometimes seen in bodybuilders after a certain age, when they are less active.  There are several other causes of gynecomastia, which are associated with imbalance of hormonal levels.

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            Habits
    A habit is an established customary practice developed in the form of an automatic pattern of behavior.  There are both good and bad habits.  A good habit could be you making your bed as soon as you wake up, brushing your teeth at least twice a day, or wiping your shoes on the doormat before entering while a bad habit could be not rising early, biting your nails, talking loudly in public, swearing unnecessarily, and improper eating.

    We all have habits that we want to break free from.  These are habits we know are not good for us in some way or the other.  A habit is an activity that we have conditioned ourselves to.  It's not that it can't be changed, but we have got accustomed to it, and it has become a source of convenience.  Many have used specific detox systems to help overcome many habits.

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            Hair Loss
    Alopecia is progressive hair loss around one or more areas of the body.  One of the common types of hair loss problems in men is known as Male-Pattern Baldness, also known as Androgenetic (Androgen meaning loss of Testosterone) Alopecia, clinically.  The typical characteristic features of this kind of baldness are the reduction of hairline at the temples, and hair loss or baldness that begins at the top crown of the head.  With time, this problem of Alopecia takes on the shape of partial or complete baldness.  This hair loss issue does not affect only adult males, but also in women, whereas balness may start in their head, yet beards and mustash continue to grow and thicken - as sign of Low Estrogen / Progesterone Balance and a buildup of Testosterone. 

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            Head Lice
    Head Lice or Pediculosis is a common infection among kids.  Itchy scalp is the basic intimation of Head Lice.  The Lice lay their eggs also known as nits, close to the shafts of the hair.  These nits hatch in around 10 days and mature to adult Lice in approximately two weeks.  Most of the time, people mistake these nits for dandruff.  However, once these eggs have matured into fully grown Lice within a time span of a few days, it is easy to observe the symptoms of Head Lice.  Shampooing with anti-lice shampoo is the common way of treating Lice.  You can even try removing the Lice manually. 
    Note that most products formulated for killing Lice are insecticides.

    Lice live, by sucking blood from the scalp.  Lice are grayish in color and are about 2.55 mm long.  These insects transfer from one person's hair to the other by close contact.  through close contact (head-to-head contact), sharing personal items, and through contaminated articles like bedding, furniture, clothes, etc.  These parasites only live on humans, and cannot be passed to or caught from animals.  Head Lice infestation is more common in overcrowded living conditions and that is why most school going children are affected by it.  Contrary to common belief, these tiny creatures are wingless and cannot fly to reach someone's head.  It is also not true that Lice problem is predominant is people maintaining poor hygiene, as they can equally affect clean or unclean hair.  Head Lice shows with signs of: Sores on the head, Irritation, Excessive itching, Rashes on the neck, and
    A feeling of something crawling between hair strand.

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            Headache
    Headaches are a major hindrance in performance.  It makes you irritable, temperamental and blind to the obvious.  Headaches are like a red alert shouting HELP HELP HELP, without stopping.  Headaches are mostly symptoms that let us know that something is possibly seriously wrong somewhere in our bodies that need our attention.  You should always take a headache seriously.  Popping pills to stop the headaches are like removing the flashing yellow or red lights at a corner, or ripping the gas needle, check engine light, and the speedometor out, all at once.  Many times it's the fact that others don't know where to start, in order to deal with headaches which tricks them into looking for quick-fixes which are harmful in the longrun and even only lasting temporarily until the next feeling of head pain begins.  However, though there are many reasons why headaches can start, we can do our best to illiminate some of the most common causes and to see our (naturopathic) doctor for a good regime of detoxification, mineral-rich, and enzymatic treatment.

    Here is a list of Headaches: Sinus Headaches, Frontal Headaches, Back of Head Headaches, Hormonal Headaches, Stress Headaches, Tension Headaches, Low Potassium Headaches, Dyhydration Headaches, Low-Sugar Headaches, Nightmare Headaches, Low Iron / Low Oxygen (Anemia) Headaches, Noise Headaches, Toxicity Headaches, Lack of (Good) Rest Headaches, Blood Pressure Headaches, Diabetes, Headaches, Migraine Headaches, Pounding Headaches, Body Injury Headaches, Pregnacy Headaches, Headache from Diseases (like Cardiovascular Disease, etc.), Tumor(s) and Growth Headaches, Lack of Nutrition Headaches, Caffeine Headaches, Exercise Fatigue Headaches, Head Injury, Vertigo, Medication Side-Effects, Withdrawal Symptoms (form of detoxing), Illnesses (like flu, etc.), and more.

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            Hearing Loss
    Hearing Loss is usually a result of either aging, injury, or some health disorder(s).  As it is known, Hearing Loss is simply defined as reduction in the ability to hear, which may occur gradually over the years (known as age-related Hearing Loss), or suddenly.  The severity of Hearing Loss is determined by the factors that have caused it.  The outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear are the major parts of the ear which play their role in enabling us to recognize sounds.  Sound waves travel through the outer canal and reach the eardrum.  As a result, the eardrum is forced to vibrate, and the vibrations are picked up and amplified by the hammer, anvil, and stirrup (three small bones of the middle ear).  The amplified vibrations then reach the fluid in the snail-shaped structure in the inner ear (known as the cochlea).  Finally, the tiny hair that are attached to nerve cells in the cochlea convert the vibrations into electrical signals, which are then fed to the brain.  So this is how we are able to hear sounds and recognize them.  But due to certain factors, some or all of the three main parts of the ear (outer ear, middle ear, and inner ear) may malfunction thus, causing hearing problems.

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            Heart Attacks
    Both Heart Attacks and strokes are terms that are usually used interchangeably by people without a medical background, and although the causes can be similar, the terms themselves represent different things.  While a Heart Attack, as the name suggests, refers to the heart, a stroke is associated with the brain.  That is the major difference between a stroke and a Heart Attack.  Both these conditions can be life threatening and/or can be caused by the lifestyle one chooses.  Also, both are basically caused by the blockage of arteries supplying blood to these two parts of the body.  These two terms are also sometimes confused with seizures and angina, but again, these are vastly different things.  Seizures are related to strokes, while an angina is associated with a Heart Attacks.

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            Heart Disease
    The heart is the most vital organ of the body.  It is necessary that we are aware of the various complications that may arise.  Any alteration in the proper functioning of this organ can have drastic effects on a person's health and well-being.  Heart Chamber, Heart Muscle, Heart Valves, Arteries and Veins, Electrical Conduction, Heart Lining, Congenital Heart Disease, and Rare Heart Conditions, etc.  All of these Heart Diseases are due to toxicity, extreme poor diet, and/or high lack of minerals, probiotics, eyzmes, water, etc.  Therefore, since the disease are not necessarily hereditary, then there is a much higher chance of reversal, when proper dietary changes are made.

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            Heartburn
    Well, this is not to be taken metaphorically!  Heartburn occurs when there is a burning sensation in the esophagus, below the sternum because of the regurgitation of gastric acid.  It rises in the chest and because the burning sensation happens near the heart, it is called heartburn.  Heartburn is one of the most common issues, yet is possibly one of a set of issues which could be solved very easily through nutrition.  Imputing into the body what it is lacking to breakdown certain foods and dealing with the acid will get the body an everyday resolve which may eliminate Heartburn so you can concentrate on repairing other areas of your health.  Nutrition is the key, and a professional versed in such discipline can help bring good and quick results to everyday issues like Heartburn.

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            Heat Stroke
    Heat stroke is caused due to excessive exposure to the heat.  It causes the body temperatures to rise, often leaving the person in minutes of blackout.  Secondly, excess dehydration also results in sunstroke.  Dehydration is a condition that arises due to loss of fluids caused due to excess urination or perspiration.  If a person does not drink adequate amounts of water, when suffering from dehydration, the body takes up water from the bloodstream.  This affects the functioning of the heat-regulating system as well as that of the heart.  One should remember that merely sitting in the scorching sun or (bed) tanning for a long time, without drinking adequate amounts of water, can also lead to sunstroke.

    Mild sunstroke symptoms include dry, red and scaly skin due to loss of water from the body.  Excessive perspiration is also one of the major symptoms.  However, one should note that excessive perspiration leads to dehydration, and once the body is excessively dehydrated, the perspiration stops.

    Some symptoms are: Dizziness, Headache, Rapid pulse rate, High fever, Rise in body temperature, Unconsciousness, Nausea, Hallucinations, and even Convulsions.

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            Heel Pain
    Here are more areas that may cause Heel Pain:

    Lack of Exercise: Sedentary lifestyle can weaken the foot muscles.     Blood Circulation Problems: A blood clot in foot or any problem related to blood circulation in foot, can lead to aching foot especially after exercise.     Flat Feet: Flat feet or fallen arches are common in infants and toddlers.  Flat feet in adults are noticed as a result of aging, injury or pregnancy.     Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fascia helps the foot bones to bear the weight of an individual. Inflammation of plantar fascia can lead to severe foot pain. The characteristic foot heel pain which is noticed after the exercise, is the symptom of inflamed plantar fascia.     Bursitis: The small sacs filled with synovial fluid, which are located between the bones and the muscles, are known as bursa and they act as shock absorbers. Inflammation of these sacs is called bursitis which can lead to pain in the foot.     Spurs: If the muscles in the feet are strained and if there is growth of calcium deposits on the bones of the feet, then spurs are noticed. Obesity and continuous standing or running can worsen the condition.     Bunions: The bursa of the first joint of the big toe can swell due to some genetic or other causes.     Calluses: Corns or Calluses on feet are developed when feet are exposed to severe pressure or friction. Actually they are hard but due to the moisture present in the area, they feel softer. Calluses are actually nothing but a collection of dead skin, which becomes thick, sometimes painful if not treated at the right time.     Tendonitis: Inflammation, irritation, and injury are all things that may affect the Achilles tendon, is termed as Achilles tendonitis.
    Diseases:, Arthritis:, Gout:, Disease(s):, Improper Shoes:, Improper Diet:, Infections:, and other diseases like diabetes can cause foot pain . . .    

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            Hemorrhage
    Hemorrhage, is a very technical word for bleeding.  Any loss of blood from the circulatory system is called hemorrhage.  However, Brain Hemorrhage refers to bleeding inside the brain, which is caused by a ruptured brain artery.  Brain hemorrhage is an important cause of stroke.  Hemorrhage of the brain is also referred as Cerebral Hemorrhage.  Brain or Cerebral Hemorrhage can damage the cells and tissues of the brain, and increase the pressure inside the skull.  Brain Hemorrhage can occur between the brain and the membranes (meninges) that surround it, or between the skull and the covering of the brain.  Sometimes, Hemorrhage can also occur between the layers surrounding the brain.

    Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms

    Sudden severe headache
    Nausea and vomiting
    Weakness in the arm or the leg
    Numbness and tingling sensations
    Lethargy
    Blurred vision
    Difficulty in speaking or slurred speech
    Difficulty in swallowing
    Loss of balance and coordination
    Seizures
    Loss of consciousness

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            Hemorrhoids
    Wondering what hemorrhoids are all about?  Want to know if the symptoms you are experiencing are relevant to hemorrhoids?  Then read on this topic.  Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and the anus. They are also called piles. Hemorrhoids are caused due to increase in venous pressure, when there is a strain during bowel movement, resulting in bleeding and rupturing of the vein. The inflamed rectal area bleeds and the patient experiences pain, irritation, burning sensation and itching due to difficulty in cleaning the area. Hemorrhoids may be external and visible or internal. Its occurrence is more common in people of 45 to 65 age groups. The external hemorrhoid, a thrombosed lump, is bluish-purple in color. Internal hemorrhoid is usually painless, except when it is a prolapsed internal hemorrhoid. In this type, the hemorrhoid collapses and bulges outside the anus, which results in mucus discharge and heavy bleeding. If the blood from an external hemorrhoid clots to form a thrombus, it is known as thrombosed external hemorrhoid. When the internal hemorrhoid is pushed out of the anus, it is called prolapsed hemorrhoid. Read more at Buzzle: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/healing-hemorrhoids.html

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            Hepatitis
    Before we jump on to autoimmune hepatitis and its symptoms, let's have a look at what an autoimmune disease actually means.  The most important function of the body's immune system is protect it from all the dangerous bacteria, fungi and viruses which cause various health ailments.  In normal cases, the immune system doesn't cause damage to the healthy living cells of the body.  However, in some cases, the immune system of the body starts destroying the healthy cells it should protect; this sudden change in routine is called autoimmunity.  Now we come to autoimmune hepatitis.  Autoimmune hepatitis or autoimmune chronic hepatitis is a condition in which the body suffers from continuous liver inflammation.  In autoimmune hepatitis, the body's immune system attacks the healthy living liver cells, which triggers the inflammation.  Most doctors think that this condition is genetic, and autoimmune hepatitis is mostly found in women.  There are two types of autoimmune hepatitis; Type 1 and Type 2, of which Type 1 is most common in the United States.

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            Herniated Discs
    In simple words, a herniated disc is a phenomenon where the cushion between a spinal vertebra is pushed out of its original location.  Many times this is related to improper dietary habits that have persisted for years.  Other times, this is deficiency of vital bone/disc nutrients or even pathegens that are blocking or eating the available nutrients the body needs.  Whichever the case, it is important to cleans the body and replace through strong supplementation as soon as possible.

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            Hiatal Hernia (Hiatus Hernia)
    The term Hernia refers to a protrusion of an organ or tissues from weak spots formed in the walls of the cavity that holds that organ.  Hiatal Hernia, Incisional Hernia, Umbilical Hernia, Femoral Hernia and Inguinal Hernia are some of the most common types of Hernia.  Hiatal Hernia is a type of Hernia wherein a part of the upper stomach protrudes through the hiatal opening into the thoracic cavity.  Hiatal opening, which is also known as esophageal hiatus, is a small opening in the diaphragm.  The esophagus or the food pipe passes through this opening in the diaphragm so as to connect to the stomach in the abdominal cavity.  Under normal circumstances, the esophageal hiatus is large enough just to allow the esophagus and a few nerves or blood vessels to pass through.  If this opening is larger than its usual size, then the stomach could bulge from this opening towards the chest.  No matter which type of Hernia, one must seriously look into detoxification and strengthening of the internal organs to overcome this painful illness.

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            Histrionic Personality Disorder
    There is a tendency of each and every individual to seek attention.  But when it goes to abnormal levels, it could develop into a psychological disorder.  Histrionic Personality Disorder (HPD) is a personality disorder qualified by attention seeking and too much of emotionality.  It is also accompanied with an excessive need for inappropriate seductiveness and acceptance. Some people are meant to be the center of attention. And there are some that NEED to be the center of attention. Everybody wants to be noticed, but these tend to go overboard. They are willing to do anything to get attention. They laugh louder, dress up inappropriately, cry at the drop of a hat, all in that desperate need for attention. And if they don't get it, they throw tantrums, are upset and angry, and make life miserable for everyone around them. These antics are signs of a histrionic personality disorder. The word histrionics means a deliberate display of emotion for effect. So a histrionic personality disorder (HPD) is characterized by excessive dramatization and over emotional behavior pattern. People with HPD traits are lively, dramatic, sexually provocative, and desperately seeking attention and approval. They are judged to be shallow and egoistic in nature, and become bored very easily. They start projects with great enthusiasm, only to lose interest, if not satisfied quickly.

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            HIV/AIDS
    What does AIDS stand for?
    AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.
    What does HIV stand for?
    HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
    What is the immune system?
    The immune system is a collection of mechanisms within the human body that protects against disease, detecting and fighting off a wide variety of agents from viruses to bacteria.
    What is the Difference Between HIV and AIDS?
    A person is said to be HIV positive if that person is infected with HIV virus.  A person is said to have AIDS if the person has HIV infection and also certain signs and symptoms of AIDS disease.  In short, HIV is the virus, and AIDS is the disease that it causes.  Testing positive for HIV virus does not become AIDS until immune system is compromised which usually takes ten years.  There are phases of HIV infection and AIDS is the final stage.  HIV/AIDS is Medically Incurible, however, there are many that turned to other methods & modes of treatment who have individually claimed to greatly diminsh or completely rid both symptoms and viral cause, so be open to look into other avenues to regain health.

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            Hives
    Hives, also called Urticaria, a kind of skin rash that makes the skin look reddish and swollen.  The actual causes of Hives are usually some food allergies, drug allergies, autoimmune disorders, and viral infections.  Less common causes of Hives are temperature changes, overexposure to sunlight and friction.  It is also said that people with much lighter pigmented skin are more prone to getting affected with Hives.  Hives can occur anywhere in the human body, with red puffs which sometimes causes itching and burning.  Since Hives is either viral or toxic in nature, then doing both specific chemical & pathogen detoxifications may be needed for recovery.

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            Hyperglycemia (High Blood Sugar)
    High Blood Sugar is medically known as hyperglycemia.  As a condition, it can be very difficult to deal with.  As the law of averages states for medical conditions, “Prevention is better than cure”.  The term Hyperglycemia is derived from the Greek language, wherein 'hyper' means excessive; 'glyc' means sweet; and 'emia' means 'of the blood'. So if we join all these terms together, then hyperglycemia would mean excessive sweetness in the blood, which in simple term means 'high blood sugar'.  Just like chest pains should not be automatically labeled a heart attack, neither should Hyperglycemia be labeled as Diabetes all of the time.  There are times when other factors cause the rise of excessive sugars in the blood.&nbp; Simply removing the cause of sweetness or the sugars themselves will help illiminate Hyperglycemia from possibly returning.

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            Hyperkalemia (High Potassium)
    Hyperkalemia (AE), also known as Hyperkalaemia (BE), is an elevated blood level of electrolyte potassium.  This section provides information on symptoms of hyperkalemia, sources of potassium and ways to curb the high potassium levels in blood.  Potassium is required by the body for functioning of the nerve and muscle cells that including of the heart.  It sends electric signals in the nervous system and helps regulate the electrical rhythm of the heart.  It also prevents the cells from dehydration.  However, high potassium in blood can lead to death, if not treated soon. 

    There are many high potassium in blood causes.
    Kidney Damage, Adrenal Damage, Diabetes, Over-The-Counter / Prescribed Medication Effects, Trama, Stress, etc.

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            Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
    Information on what is high blood pressure, what causes hypertension, and explaination on why high blood pressure is a health concern.  There are many reasons that dynamic or constant High Blood Pressure may occure.  Some include:
    Accelerated hypertension - is an hypertension emergency wherein there is an unexpected and rapid increase of blood pressure to extremely high and severe levels.  Most Hypertension is handled through Medications which always have adverse gradual or long-term effects or Hypertension is deaalt with through diet, nutrition / supplement, and exerise.  No matter what the Hypertension may be, the same evidence is reexamined.. (the hardening and/or clogging of one or more veins, arteries, organs, etc. which causes he heart to pump harder to keep a stable blood flow.
    Benign Hypertension - Here 'benign' refers to the slow progressive nature of this condition. As a result, the body reacts, only when there is appreciable increase in blood pressure range.
    Uncontrolled Hypertension - when Hypertension is not recognized and/or left untreated, then progression of illness and disease occur.
    Labile Hypertension - when this rise in blood pressure is characterized by sudden, abrupt and repeated fluctuations of varying degrees, then it is known as labile hypertension.
    Acute Hypertension - another way of saying, "Secondary Hypertenstion" is high pressure for which the causes are known.

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            Hyperthyroidism
    Hyperthyroidism is a condition wherein the thyroid gland is over active and hence it over stimulates the metabolism.  As such people with this condition seem skinnier than normal.  Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland in the body secretes excess thyroid hormones.  This condition is also known as hyperactive thyroid symptom.  The thyroid gland is responsible for our overall growth and for ensuring a normal rate of metabolism in our bodies.  Therefore, excess amounts of thyroid secretion causes certain side effects.

    A person suffering from hyperthyroidism will exhibit symptoms like weight loss, depression, increase in heart rate and the like.  But if you take these symptoms into cognizance, they could be an indication of just about any disease, not necessarily or exclusively limited to being symptoms of hyperthyroidism.  That is why it would help if one had a hyperthyroidism symptoms checklist so that it would be a little clearer whether one is indeed suffering from it.  The following article will provide a sample checklist of this condition for your help.

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            Hypothyroidism
    Hypothyroidism is a medical condition caused due to insufficient production thyroid hormone by thyroid gland.  Angela was in her late teens and was a normal healthy kid, before she and her mother realized that Angela has not started with her menstruation.  A visit to the gynecologist culminated in thyroid and growth hormone test.  Consequently the tests revealed that Angela was short on thyroid hormone, that is, she had hypothyroidism.

    To elaborate on this, hypothyroidism is a thyroid gland problem, where the gland does not secrete enough thyroid hormone.  This leads to obstructions in normal physical and mental growth.  The endocrine functions of the body are overall affected by a disease of the thyroid.  For instance, one of the symptoms that thyroid is not functioning properly is that a person may gain weight and have clammy skin and brittle nails.  However, it is not an incurable medical condition and these symptoms can be reduced.  There are prescribed medicines to tackle this condition, depending on the severity and type.

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            Infectious Diseases
    Infectious diseases are caused due to spread of bacteria and pathogens.  The pathogen or any other organism enters the body and multiplies to survive.  Infectious diseases maybe contagious and hence result in a quick widespread.

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            Infectious Mononucleosis (Glandular Fever)
    More commonly known as 'mono', Infectious Mononucleosis is a viral disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and is spread through saliva (thus the nick-name 'kissing disease').  Mostly seen in youth aged 15 to 17, this is not a life threatening disease and symptoms resolve within a month or two.

    Infectious Mononucleosis is a viral disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).  The virus is spread through saliva (reason it is sometimes known as the kissing disease), and in rare instances through blood transfusion.  Infectious Mononucleosis is mostly diagnosed in adolescents and young adults, mostly in the age groups of 15 to 17.

    Infectious Mononucleosis is also known by the following names.

    -- Mono
    -- Glandular fever
    -- The kissing disease
    -- Pfeiffer's disease

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            Influenza
    Influenza is an infectious disease caused by RNA virus.  Sore throat, fever, chills, headache, cough, cold and weakness are the common symptoms of influenza.  The disease has been eradicated in many countries through early vaccines and culling.  Influenza, better known as seasonal flu, is classified as a viral infection that may also affect the bronchial tubes.  The virus specifically targets the organs of the respiratory system.  Hence, the person diagnosed with influenza experiences a stuffy nose, frequent bouts of dry cough, and a sore throat.  Muscle aches and high fever is a common complaint among flu sufferers.  Bronchitis is considered as a complication of seasonal influenza, and usually occurs in people with a weakened immune system.  Bronchitis arising from seasonal flu is sudden, and usually goes away within 7-10 days. All of us experience cold and flu at some point or the other.  While common cold is mild and recovers gradually without treatment, seasonal flu symptoms are severe and at times, life-threatening.  Both are caused by viral infections (except for some cases) and are spread from one infected individual to another.  Thus, if a person is infected with influenza virus, chances for transmitting to other family members are high.  People infected with the influenza or flu virus are generally advised to stay at home, avoid work or school, take adequate rest, sleep and increase the intake of fluids, until the infection clears up.  However, some people may require medication to alleviate symptoms like headache, muscle pain, chest congestion, and fever.

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            Infertility
    Information on the various causes of not getting pregnant, male and female infertility treatment.

    The native North American herb, Black cohosh, a member of the buttercup family, has gained significant media attention for being a herbal medicine effective in problems related to menstruation.  It is said that native Americans have been using these herbs for the last two centuries in curing problems related to menstrual cramps and pre and postmenopausal issues.  Since menstruation and fertility are directly related, Black cohosh has become a popular choice for women in the US.  Now, it is highly unlikely that you will find a registered doctor recommending you dosages of black cohosh but it said that in the homeopathic and herbal medicines market, extracts of black cohosh roots have been prepared as a cure for infertility complications.  In native American countries, it has been used to treat hives and constipation for decades in the recent years, it has evolved as one of the most beneficial alternative medicines for treating menopause complications.  The Internet, being the most diversified source of information, has created a huge market of believers and non - believers in the medicinal values of black cohosh.  It is true that it has been used as a herb for curing various maladies but the question is, is it equally beneficial for fertility and menstruation.

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            Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM)
    Find articles on Diabetes Mellitus type 1, also referred to as Type 1 diabetes.  Type I diabetes (T1D), is a medical condition in which the body fails to produce adequate amounts of insulin, that plays a role in regulating blood sugar levels.  In T1DM or IDDM (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), as this condition is also called, the body is unable to maintain proper levels of blood glucose.  Read on to know about the causes, symptoms, preventive measures and treatments for type 1 diabetes.

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            Iron Deficiency Anemia
    Poor dietary intake of iron causes iron deficiency anemia.  Often seen amongst women, the condition occurs due to loss of blood.  Treat iron deficiency anemia with foods rich in iron.

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            Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common problem with the intestines, causing discomfort in gastro-intestinal tract.  IBS is also known as spastic colon, functional bowel syndrome, irritable colon, nervous bowel, mucus colitis and spastic bowel.

    The colon is primarily responsible for most cases of IBS. The colon is the part that connects the small intestine to the rectum. The function of the colon is to absorb the nutrients and water present in the partially digested food as it leaves the small intestine and passes through it. This matter has to be pushed out of the colon by contractions into the rectum to pass out of the body. The problem begins when the colon is not able to pass out the food matter due to various reasons.

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            Irritable Male Syndrome (IMS)
    Men are believed to be the 'tough' ones and so expressing their pent up feelings is assumed to be a sign of weakness in the personality.  However, the fact is, the emotional range of men is quite similar to that of women.  Just like women, men have changes in the hormone cycles and they can experience low levels of the sex hormone called,testosterone which make them more male.

    Symptoms of Mood Swings in Men
    Generally, mood swings in men due to hormonal imbalance is common in the age group of 40 to 60 years.  Mood swings in older men is basically a primary symptom of andropause, that is the result of low levels of testosterone in the body.  Since testosterone is an essential male hormone, low levels of it can trigger behavioral changes in the personality of the individual going through andropause.  The symptoms of mood swings in men are as follows: Unexplained Irritability and Anger, Worry and Tension, Frustration, Demanding Nature, Sadness, Impatience, Showing Anxiety Symptoms, Aggressiveness, Unloving and Withdrawn Behavior, and/or Depression.

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            Itching
    Itching can many a times be embarrassing and annoying.  It's a law that the location of itch is always adversely remote to the ability to touch.  Get rid of all the itch quickly before it makes septic wounds.

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            Jock Itch
    Tinea Cruris, also known as jock itch, is a fungal infection that affects the groin region.  People who sweat profusely are more likely to suffer from this fungal infection.  The dampness of the groin region provide the fungi the ideal environment to multiply.  Tinea cruris is mainly caused by a fungus called trichophyton rubrum.  It has been seen that men are more affected by this condition than women, however, female jock itch could affect women who wear tight clothing.  Well, whatever be the cause of this condition, the symptoms are very distressing.

    An itchy groin can surely leave one feeling miserable.  Wondering how to treat jock itch?  Tinea cruris treatment involves the use of medicated creams or oral tablets, but use of certain home remedies can also prove beneficial.  Before I move on to tinea cruris treatment, let me tell you about the symptoms of tinea cruris.

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            Joint Pain
    Proper functioning of joints is necessary because each of our movement makes use of some or the other joint in the body. Joint dysfunction can put a lot of restriction on our day-to-day life. Joint pain or arthritis has taken the form of a major health issue all over the world. Obesity is the primary cause of premature joint pain. Although, the causes of joint pain vary, the discomfort associated with each type is the same.

    Over the years our joints tend to degenerate due to excessive usage. This results in weakening of muscles, tendons and the cartilage. The synovial fluid that cushions the joints also run out. This makes the movement of the joint extremely uncomfortable and painful. Although, elderly people are the victims of joint pain, it is not unusual to find young people suffering from this disorder as well. The major causes of untimely joint pain are obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Besides, there are several causes that must be taken into account while treating joint pain.

    Several causes include: Obesity, Heredity, Injuries, Repeated Stress Injury (RSI), Improper Workout, Incorrect Posture, Wrong Footwear, Weak Immune System, Lack of Nutritionm, etc.

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            Juvenile Diabetes
    Diabetes is a chronic metabolic state. The body become incapable to break down glucose (sugar) and store it properly. As the glucose cannot be stored, it remains in the person's bloodstream and this leads to many problems. There are two types of diabetes. Out of this, Type 1 Diabetes is called Juvenile Diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. This begins in childhood. Children that have diabetes are dependent on insulin. Some may also have thyroid conditions. Juvenile diabetes is an auto-immune disorder similar to others like rheumatoid arthritis or multiple sclerosis. Heredity is a major reason of this disease. The body attacks the beta cells in the pancreas due to environmental trigger or virus. When these cells get destroyed, the body becomes incapable of producing insulin. This deficiency of insulin secretion in the pancreas leads to high blood glucose level. Such patients are in need of insulin injections for survival.

    Symptoms:   hunger increases, thirst increases, loss in weight, fatigue, urination increases, flu like symptoms, fruity breath odor, bedwetting or urinating at night, confusion, numbness or tingling in the hands or feet, heavy or labored breathing, and drowsiness or lethargy

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            Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis (JRA)
    "Juvenile" or "childhood" arthritis is a disease occurring in children below the age of sixteen.  The affected children experience pain, stiffness and swelling in one or more joints.  This trio is called inflammation.  This inflammation is present for more than six weeks.  The prevalent form of juvenile arthritis is "juvenile rheumatoid arthritis" (JRA).  Almost, 50000 children in the United States are suffering from this disease.

    Polyarticular Arthritis, the first major type of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthrisis affects more girls than boys.  The small joints of the hand and the weight-bearing joints are affected.  There is swelling or pain in minimum 5 joints.

    In the second type, Pauciarticular JRA, the knee and wrist joints are generally affected.  Inflammation of maximum four joints is observed.  Additionally, the iris may be inflamed with or without active joint symptoms.

    Lastly, Systemic JRA, the third type, there is initial fever that increases in the evening and abruptly comes back to normal.  During fever, the child may develop a rash.  This rash may all of a sudden disappear and reappear.  The spleen and lymph nodes increase in size.  Finally, many joints of the body are inflamed.

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            Kidney Diseases
    The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are located on either side of the spine. All waste products and excess water is removed from our blood by the kidneys. In short, the kidneys act as a filter for the body. Any disease that affects the kidneys, slowly reduces their capability of filtration. Hence waste products keep accumulating in the blood. A mathematical calculation based on the age, gender and race of the person is made, that gives the Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR); the amount of blood purification the kidney can do, with respect to time. Glomerular Filtration Rate is used to determine the state of health of the kidney and whether the person is in any of the Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) stages. For a normal person, the Glomerular Filtration Rate is greater than or equal to 90 ml/min. Though there are various causes that can result in Chronic Kidney Disease, diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common. Various other reasons also result in Chronic Kidney Diseases and the type of treatment is directed towards removing the root cause.

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            Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi)
    Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi or nephrolithiasis, are solid, small masses that are formed when salts or minerals, which occur normally in urine, crystallize within the kidney. Usually, these crystallized stones are very tiny and go unnoticed, passing out harmlessly from the body. However, when they start building up they become larger, and can create problems.

    In case the kidney stone does become large enough, it can start moving out of the kidney, progressing down via the ureters, which tubes through which urine flows from the kidney to the bladder. In case the stone gets lodged in the ureter, it can lead to infection, which in turn can result in permanent damage to the kidney.

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            Leukemia
    Leukemia refers to the cancer of the blood-forming tissues of the human body.  Early detection of leukemia may be possible in case of rapid onset of symptoms of leukemia.  Scroll down to find out more about the early warning signs of leukemia.

    The term 'leukemia' refers to the development of malignant growth due to an abnormal and uncontrolled cell division in the blood-forming tissue.  When we talk about the blood-forming tissue, we are referring to the bone marrow, wherein the production of new blood cells takes place.  Leukemia is the cancer of the blood or the bone marrow, that is characterized by the production of large number of immature or abnormal white blood cells by the bone marrow.  Some people may be genetically predisposed to develop leukemia, while some may develop it in event of exposure to radiation.  Sometimes, pathological infections may act as the trigger.  Leukemia is categorized into acute or chronic leukemia, depending on the rate at which the production of abnormal blood cells.  In case of acute leukemia, the cancer cells may soon spread to other parts of the body, which is why, early detection of leukemia, followed by prompt treatment can certainly prove beneficial and help to avert a medical crisis.  Though progression of chronic leukemia is not that fast, if detected and treated at an early stage, cancer may go into remission, and the quality of life of the patient would surely be better.  In this article, we will look into the significance of early diagnosis and timely treatment of leukemia.

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            Liver Cancer
    Primary Liver Cancer: develops from the benign tumors. It is the most common type of cancer. Most of the growths in the liver such as hemangiomas, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatic adenomas are usually benign, that is, non-cancerous. Chronic kidney disease, hepatitis B or C, some toxins, viral infections of the liver can cause primary liver cancer. It is further divided into three types.
        Hepatocellular Carcinoma or Hepatoma: Uncontrolled growth of hepatocyte cells in the liver results in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular Carcinoma, also called Hepatoma, is a primary malignancy or benign (cancerous) cancer.
        Cholangiocarcinomas or Bile Duct Cancer: It is a cancer of bile ducts. It is more common in women.
        Angiosarcomas and Hemangiosarcoma: Angiosarcomas is a cancer, which develops in the blood vessel of the liver. The rate of survival for people suffering from this cancer is very low, because it develops very fast. It is a rare type of cancer. Hemangiosarcoma is also a rare type of cancer, although in adults, it is more common in children under 4 years of age.

    Secondary Liver Cancer: is caused by the spread of cancerous cells, which are located outside the liver. It can spread from gastrointestinal organs like stomach, pancreas and colon, as the blood flows from these organs to the liver or it can also spread through the lymphatic system. Secondary liver cancer is also called Metastatic Cancer. In most of the cases, it is a result of Primary Liver Cancer. It can be a result of advanced breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, kidney cancer, or some other types of cancers.

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            Lung Cancer
    When the cells of the lungs itself become growth of abnormal malignant (cancerous) cells, it is known as Primary Lung Cancer. Metastatic Cancer spreading from other areas of the body like form the: skin, bone, testis, rectum, cervix, stomach, thyroid gland, kidney, prostate, colon, and breast. The major function of lungs is to exchange the gases between the blood and the air we breathe. Through this process, carbon dioxide is removed from the bloodstream and oxygen enters the bloodstream. Many cancers begin in the cells lining the bronchi, known as Carcinoma of the Bronchus or Bronchogenic Carcinomas. Lung cancer in the Pleura is known as Mesotheliomas. There are two major types of lung cancer, on the basis of the appearance of the cells "Small Cell Cancer" and "Non-small Cell Lung Cancer." "Non-small Cell Lung Cancer" is common and found in most of the cases and "Small Cell Cancer" takes the second position. In "Small Cell Cancer", the infection starts at a very small level inside the breathing tube (Large Breathing Tube of our respiratory system) in the form of infection and growth of small round cells, it mutates and grows very fast at rapid pace, which leads to problems in breathing process. Smoking is considered to be main cause of "Small Cell Cancer". The "Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer" affects other parts of the lung and the time taken by it to develop completely differs from the "Small Cell Cancer". "Squamous Cell Carcinoma" (found in a bronchus near the center of lung), "Adenocarcenoma" (cancer of mucus producing cells) and "Large Cell Carcinoma" are the main subtypes of "Non-small Cell Lung Cancer" (causes larger round cancer cells).

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            Mad Cow Disease
    Medically known as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), this ailment affects the Central Nervous System (CNS) of cattle. Mad cow disease belongs to a group of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE). This is a group of neurodegenerative disorders that affect animals and humans. In animals, other related diseases are Scrapie (sheep) and Feline Spongiform Encephalopathy (cats). In humans, the diseases are Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS) and life threatening Familial Insomnia (FFI). It is believed that mad cow disease is caused by the presence and actions of prions, which are infectious agents that comprise protein in an abnormal form affecting tyhe brain. The transmission of these infectious agents is via misfolding or incorrect protein folding. They are generally found in the brain, spinal cord, small intestine, and blood of cattle. They can also be found in the lymph nodes, spleen, and bone marrow of the affected organism. Prions damage the Central Nervous Ssytem, making sponge-like holes in these parts. This results in degeneration of nerve cells, not bearing good results of the organism, unless treated.

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            Malaria
    Malaria is a parasitic disease. This means that it is caused by a parasite, a tiny organism that lives in or on other organisms called a host. This parasite is from the genus Plasmodium and the host is a female mosquito of the Anopheles genus. The parasite is transferred to a potential victim when he or she is bitten by a mosquito. To be more detailed, Malaria is caused by a parasite that has infected the saliva glands of a female mosquito. There are five types of Plasmodium that can infect humans. They include P. falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, P. vivax and P. knowlesi. Most number of cases of malaria are caused by P. falciparum. Once a mosquito that has been infected by the parasite that has grown to a certain stage of development bites someone then that person gets malaria. If another female mosquito then bites the malaria victim, she can pass it to other people without being infected itself (that mosquito is called a vector).

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            Melena (Blood in Stool)
    Black tarry (sticky and smelly) feces that are associated with gastrointestinal hemorrhage is known as Melena.  The stool turns black in color because of the oxidation of the iron that is present in hemoglobin (producing hematin that is black in color) when blood passes through the colon.

    Melena signifies that bleeding is present on the upper gastrointestinal tract or the right colon as the blood is present in the body for a longer period of time for it to break down.  Blood from the sigmoid colon or the rectum does not stay in the body long enough to break down and passed through quickly.  Hence, in such cases, the blood is visible in the stool which will be red in color.

    There are cases wherein the bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract is very slow.  In these cases, the bleeding is termed occult that is it is not visible to the naked eye.  The blood can be detected only by testing the stool for blood.  The causes of this kind of Melena are the same as when the stool is tarry.  In addition, this type of Melena is also associated with anemia which is causes due to the loss of iron along with the blood.

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            Memory Loss
    Memory loss diseases can be the loss of short-term or long-term information and classified into different types, based on body area affected.  Different parts of the brain are associated with the retention of information, so certain illnesses which affect the brain can affect the memory, these include:

    Epilepsy or Seizures, Alzheimer's Disease, Huntington's Disease, Neurodegenerative Disorders (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, Pick's Disease), Encephalitis, Lyme Disease, Syphilis, Brain Tumors, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Meningitis
    Fibromyalgia - This is a muscular disorder, where painful pressure or impulses are felt at certain locations on the body.
    Wilson's Disease - This is a rare, genetic illness, caused by the body's tendency to accumulate copper.
    Wernicke-Korsakoff’s Syndrome - A deficiency of Vitamin B1 (thiamine)

    Memory loss can be a frightening and severe consequence of an already damaging disease.  Coping or dealing with the loss in memory, through simple steps is an effective treatment.  Get a good night's sleep, socialize more and exercise to keep healthy.  These can help avoid depression and feelings of uselessness.  When leaving the house, write things or directions down.  Talk to family members and friends more about events and things, to keep jogging your memory.  Memory loss need not be permanent, with the right attitude, it can be beaten.

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            Menopause
    A woman's reproductive life cycle is categorized into stages such as puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. While menstruation marks a woman's ability to support a pregnancy, menopause is the culmination of her reproductive life cycle. The onset of perimenopause, which is the phase that precedes menopause, a transitional period that takes place prior to a woman's last period. This is characterized by a decrease in the production of estrogen and progesterone. As a result of hormonal fluctuations, various changes start taking place in a woman's reproductive system. Since the ability of ovaries to produce eggs is affected due to decrease in the levels of hormones, irregularities are seen in the menstrual cycle. As an example, before the monthly menstrual bleeding stops completely, women may have frequent periods. The menstrual flow may become very heavy or light. The menstrual cycle, which ranges from 28 to 35 days during her reproductive years, becomes shorter. The changes in the reproductive system bring about a host of discomforting menstrual problems. When the whole year goes by, without a single period, a woman is said to have reached menopause. Some women may rejoice in a unhealthy fact about their menstral cycle had to have severe levels of pain and/or discomfort. In fact this is not true, and may be higly avoidable. Unfortunately, the sad fact is that when a women stops producing proper estogen and progestrone levels, she begins to become more masculine with the lose of her femininity.

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            Mesothelioma
    Mesothelioma and Asbestosis are two totally different conditions arising due to the same cause (asbestos exposure) and should not be confused.  Mesothelioma is the deadliest type of cancer known, whereas asbestosis is a non-cancerous, chronic lung ailment.  Mesothelioma is the most aggressive, painful, and life threatening of all cancers.  It takes approximately 30 to 40 years for mesothelioma to develop and show its effects.  This is the prime reason why mesothelioma is mostly seen in older patients, mostly male.

    Mesothelioma is a cancer of the mesothelium, the membrane that surrounds either the: lungs (Pleural), abdomen (Peritoneal), and/or heart (Pericardial).

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            Migraine
    Migraine is a terrible and throbbing headache that can persist for hours and even days. The causes are many, like hormonal changes, stress, foods (usually unhealthy processed foods) and drinks consumed, change in weather conditions, change in sleep pattern, physical exertion and medications. The pain arises due to the abnormal enlargement of the blood vessels. This enlargement stretches the nerve, which coils the blood vessel. The blood vessel that is affected, is the temporal artery. This artery is located outside the skull near the temple. The stretched nerves affect the sympathetic nervous system, which is primarily responsible for digestive secretions, contraction of blood vessels and increase in heart rate. As the sympathetic nervous system also controls the pain in the body, increased headache in a migraine attack is directly responsible for the other symptoms like nausea, diarrhea and vomiting. There are two different types of migraines based on the aura. Migraines with an aura have initial symptoms like light flashing in front of eyes or blind spots, and those that are not preceded with these symptoms of an aura, are called migraines without aura. In fact, the types are classified according to the causes and symptoms.

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            Miscarriages
    Miscarriage, also may be known as Spontaneous Abortion (SAB), is the unfortunate spontaneous end of a pregnancy. Besides the case of injury, many miscarriages may be avoidable with strategic diet, nutritients, and supplements which all help the aid in regeneration, support of the semen in men, and proper hormonal balance.

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            Moles
    The difference between a mole and a wart is that moles are not contagious, but warts are.

    A mole, or nevus, is a collection of skin pigment cells.  When they are small, they look like small brown dots.  When the collection is larger, and slightly deeper, it can cause a raised skin colored bump over it.  This is called an "intradermal nevus" because it resides in the dermal layer of the skin.  These are also called "beauty marks" or "birthmarks" and are not dangerous if they have normal, healthy cells.  However, moles can turn bad on occasion, and then they are known as "dysplastic" or possibly "melanoma."  Most moles are completely benign and stay that way.

    A wart is actually a collection of virally infected cells clumped together in the skin.  On the arm or body, a common wart is called "verruca vulgaris" (vulgaris means common).  On the soles of the feet, they are called "plantar warts."  Warts are caused by the human papilloma virus, HPV, and are mostly harmless.  However, certain HPV types can rarely cause malignancy, so any unusual wartlike growth that doesn't respond to regular treatments should be examined by a dermatologist.  This is especially true in the case of another HPV-related wart, the genital wart, which can sometimes cause cervical cancer in women. Moles and warts are both common, usually harmless skin growths, but can be treated for removal if wanting.

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            Mucus In Stool
    First of all remember that a little amount of mucus is most of the times passed in the stool and it is completely normal.  The mucus is not a foreign substance, it is essentially produced by the intestines to keep the colon and inner lining of the intestine moist and well lubricated.  It helps in smooth churning of the food and helps push the food forward.  So many times, the mucus is passed out with the stool and hence, small amount of mucus is no cause of worry.  But if the mucus is accompanied with bleeding and passes regularly then you must seek (Nutritional) medical help as soon as possible.  As mentioned above, mucus in stool can be a symptom of hazardous health conditions.

    What Causes Mucus In Stools?
    Hemorrhoid
    Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
    Ulcerative Colitis
    Crohn's Disease
    Bacterial Infections and Bowel Obstruction
    etc.

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            Multiple Personality Disorder
    One of the biggest confusions people have is - 'what is multiple personality disorder and how is it different from schizophrenia.'  In reality, these two mental illnesses are quite different.  While schizophrenia impairs the ability of an individual to think and function properly, multiple personality disorder (MPD) leads to several split personalities.  In schizophrenia, a person may have hallucinations and delusions however, in MPD the person is completely lost and detached from emotions and feelings.

    Now known as dissociative personality disorder (DID), multiple personality disorder is a medical condition, that affects an individual to such an extent that his lifestyle is spent in daydreaming and he or she is completely lost in the moment.  Now, all of us experience mild dissociation from our thoughts and surroundings very often.  There are moments, when we're completely lost in our thoughts but in multiple personality disorder cases, there is a complete alienation of the person's thoughts, feelings, memories, actions, sense of identity and he/she is unable to make any possible connections with any of his thoughts and feelings, in the real world.  Some of the most prominent split personality disorder symptoms are - the person disassociates himself with any emotions, violent trauma or painful experience from himself and remains aloof from any feelings.

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            Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
    Multiple Sclerosis is a disease of the central nervous system.  The nervous system is affected by body's immune response that results in demyelination, where the sheath of neurons of central nervous system is damaged, wherein the body's immune system is in the 'self destruction' mode.  The reason why 'self destruction' is because the immune system, which is normally responsible for protecting the body from threats like diseases and infections, starts to attack and destroy the myelin sheath which covers the nerves present in the brain and the spinal cord.  As the immune system eats away this protective sheath, the transmission of the nerve signals become impaired or blocked.  Multiple sclerosis leads to inflammation in the myelin sheath, which in turn, can cause health concerns like vision problems, problems related to coordination, sensation and other important functions. Studies reveal that people within the age of 20-50 years are more prone to this condition, with women being more at risk as compared to men.

    Multiple sclerosis causes impairment in the process of communication between the brain and the rest of the body because the sheath protecting the nerve cables is damaged and tends to block out the signals sent by the brain.  Therefore the symptoms vary depending upon the nerve that has been affected and the degree of damage that has occurred.  The symptoms are usually unstable in nature, meaning, they can appear all of a sudden and disappear suddenly for several weeks, but mind you, these symptoms tend to reoccur time and again, which is why the early signs of multiple sclerosis are important to be identified as soon as possible.

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            Muscle Cramps
    This is different from muscle fatigue.  If a muscle or a part of it contracts involuntarily or without our will, it is termed as muscle spasms.  When the contractions stiffen up the muscles so much that it requires outside help for relaxation in order to regain its original position, then it is referred to as muscle cramps.  It can be identified with symptoms like sharp, excruciating muscle pain that starts all of a sudden if you touch the area, you will also feel a hard lump which has formed due to tightening up of the muscle.  All the voluntary muscles of our body can suffer spasms and cramps.  However, the calf, thigh, back, and neck muscles are at a greater risk to get this problem as they are more active.

    Muscle spasms and cramps is quite a common occurrence in adults particularly the elderly.  As we grow old, the muscles lose their strength and flexibility and are more prone to cramping.  Apart from that, there are many other factors due to which younger people get spasms and cramps in their muscles.  They are as follows:

    Traumatic injury to the muscles, Muscle fatigue due to overuse, Dehydration, Holding the muscle in one single position for a long time, Nutritional deficiency caused by lack of potassium, calcium and magnesium in the diet, Side effects of medicines, Performing physically strenuous activities without proper warm up exercises, A number of underlying health problems that include diabetes,

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            Muscle Fatigue
    It may happen that, after working out for an extended period, you feel exhausted and weak.  Even moving your limbs may appear as a Major task.  This occurs when your muscles get tired and fail to function normally.  In most cases, the tired muscles become normal after sufficient rest.  Generally, muscle fatigue caused by exercises are not considered as a cause of concern, unless the condition does not normalize after sufficient rest.  So, muscle fatigue can be defined as a condition, wherein the muscles get tired to such an extent that they fail to exert a normal force, or require greater efforts to exert a normal force.

    There are many other causes of muscle fatigue and these include, prolonged stress, lack of sleep, regular smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, etc.  Even an unhealthy diet that lacks necessary nutrients, may lead to muscle fatigue.  There are several genetic, as well as acquired, conditions that can cause muscle fatigue symptoms.  Such causes can range from cold and influenza to thyroid problems, fibromyalgia, etc.  Other such conditions include cerebral palsy, anemia, chronic fatigue syndrome, myasthenia gravis, Addison's disease, botulism, lung cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, etc.  Sudden occurrence of muscle fatigue on one side of the body is usually associated with stroke.  Even depression, anxiety and other such mental problems can also be included as muscle fatigue causes.

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            Muscle Pain
    When there is an excessive strain or an injury to a muscle, it leads to muscle pain.  Chronic Muscle Pain - due to certain pressures and tensions, there are probabilities that we may develop muscle pain that refuses to let us off.  Myofascial pain syndrome -- uncanny as it may sound -- this term is a sustained fanci-fication of the humble term chronic muscle pain syndrome.  Both refer to the pain and inflammation that is suffered by the soft tissues of the body.  This is a condition that affects the connective tissues that prove to be a protective cover for the muscles.  The pain may be experienced in a single muscle, or muscles in concert may be involved.  In certain cases, the point or the area where the individual is experiencing pain may not be the actual site of the pain generator.  There are studies that reveal that the actual site where the injury has occurred, manufactures a trigger point, which causes the pain in another area.  This situation is called the referred pain.

    Some causes are: Arthritis, Pinched Nerve, Bulging Disc, Myositis, Peripheral Neuropathy, Autoimmune Conditions, Fibromyalgia, etc.

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            Nail Biting
    Sometimes whenever we say something was nail-biting, it is mostly used to mean thrilling or gripping and full of suspense.  But the act of nail biting is not very pleasant at all.  Medically called Onychophagia, nail biting is a very common compulsive oral habit found in children as well as adults.

    The other name for compulsive nail biting is nail biting disorder, and it is also known as Onychophagia!  Although, nail biting is a common human tendency, too much of it can definitely prove harmful, both on a physical and psychological level!  A person is said to be suffering from compulsive nail biting, when a repetitive behavior towards biting and destroying the fingernails, as well as the skin around the finger nails and the cuticles is observed.  Most people find nail biting as the only way to calm themselves down.  It is an unconscious activity done by the person, wherein most of the time, he/she doesn't even realize when their teeth start biting on the nails!  Psychiatrists believe compulsive nail biting to be a form of impulsive control disorder and generally people suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), have this disorder as well.

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            Narcissistic Personality Disorder
    In very simple terms, narcissism is a concept where a person's personality is all about immense vanity, ego, and conceit.  In most cases, narcissistic behavior has negative effects only.  Self obsession of a sort, narcissism is a condition where a person does everything for self gratification only.  Studies and statistics say that close to 75% percent of the narcissists are men.  More specifically referred to as Narcissist Personality Disorder (NPD), this disorder was originally discussed extensively by Freud.  While slight traces of narcissism are prevalent in everybody, in cases of extreme narcissism, people consider nothing or no one but themselves as important.  There are several traits and signs that help identify and set a narcissist apart from other people.  Some of these traits are, sense of grandiose, feeling entitled to everything, constant envy, sense of delusions, inability to sympathize with the emotions and needs of others, obsession, amongst many others.  It also isn't uncommon to see people like these act in an extremely arrogant or haughty fashion.  As a habit, a narcissist also finds it very hard to develop close bonds with other people.

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            Neck Pain
    For most, the problem occurs occasionally. But for some people, the pain becomes constant and nagging. Treatment of this problem depends on what is causing it. Noticing the accompanying symptoms is also important as they help in identifying the underlying cause.

    Here are a list of probable causes:

    (Cervical) Spondylosis, Wrong Postures, Stiff Neck, Sudden Pull, Damaged Nerves, Pinched Nerve, Degenerative Disc (Disease), Injury, Dehydration, Mineral and/or Nutrient Deficiency, Arthritis, Neck Muscle Spasm, Strained Nerve, Toxicity, Infection, etc.

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            Obesity
    Obesity is a condition describing excess body weight due to accumulation of fat, that may result in significant impairment of health.

    Obesity is when one is beyond a certain BMI (Body Mass Index) range that isn't normal for his/her height.  A lot of factors play a role in altering one's outward appearance, one's dietary habit playing a bigger part where unhealthy foods lead to hormonal, protein, taste-buds, and especially fat imbalances which turns into a cycle for eating more unhealthy foods, trying to make up for the lack of proper nutrition. It may seem like it isn't in our hands to handle our weights if we were to shake our fists in rage at the cycles of habit, but there is something that we can do about it no doubt.  If obesity were classified as a disease, insurance companies would have to insure those trying to shed the pounds, with the downside being that the cost of health would shoot up considerably.

    Other causes: Genetics, Eating disorders, Hypothyroidism, Lifestyle Cushing's Syndrome, Illnesses, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome,

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            Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
    Compulsive behavior is a repercussion of an underlying problem.  OCD or obsessive-compulsive disorder, is an illness of the mind which over time, can be quite detrimental if not treated in time.  It is an anxiety disorder that compels sufferers to play out odd behavioral habits like a ritualistic approach to everyday actions, having recurrent thoughts of fear along with stressful thinking patterns that fuel their problem.  They're constantly plagued by nervousness and anxiety, often following a schedule that is habitual and repetitive.  The behavior is acted upon to help ease up on the obsessive thinking or in a vague attempt to drive them away.  This isn't a long lasting effect, therefore making the person act out on this again and again on a daily basis.  There are a lot of compulsive behavioral acts that are common among those suffering from this which come under the signs of OCD.

    There are two types of compulsive behaviors, namely, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and drug addiction.  The former causes victims to think or do certain unwanted things and the latter needs no explanation.  In most cases, compulsive behavior is a result of a painful incident in the past.  Treating the root cause is more important than treating superficial symptoms.

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            Osteoarthritis (OA)
    Information on old age arthritis caused due to the degeneration of cartilage called Osteoarthritis.  Osteoarthritis is also referred to as Degenerative Joint Disease or Degenerative Arthritis.

    Osteomyelitis refers to a condition where the bone gets infected.  Since bones are made of living cells, they can get infected through external agents.  The infecting agents can reach the bone through the blood or through direct means, especially if there's an injury where the bone is exposed.  External germs might enter into the bone region and cause infections, most of which can be fatal.  Due to the nature of the infection, it is mostly the long bones that are affected by osteomyelitis.  The common bones where this occurs are femur (the long thigh bone) and humerus (the long upper arm bone).  Infections can also occur in the pelvic girdle, the clavicle (collarbone), the spine, the phalanges of the foot and the carpals and the tarsals of the hands and feet.  There is no age propensity for osteomyelitis, because it is an infection that can occur in people of any age.

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            Osteomyelitis
    Osteomyelitis refers to a condition where the bone gets infected.  Since bones are made of living cells, they can get infected through external agents.  The infecting agents can reach the bone through the blood or through direct means, especially if there's an injury where the bone is exposed.  External germs might enter into the bone region and cause infections, most of which can be fatal.

    Due to the nature of the infection, it is mostly the long bones that are affected by osteomyelitis.  The common bones where this occurs are femur (the long thigh bone) and humerus (the long upper arm bone).  Infections can also occur in the pelvic girdle, the clavicle (collarbone), the spine, the phalanges of the foot and the carpals and the tarsals of the hands and feet.  There is no age propensity for osteomyelitis, because it is an infection that can occur in people of any age.  But, because the bones in children and people above the age of fifty years are more vulnerable, these groups of people are more at risk of osteomyelitis.

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            Osteoporosis
    Osteoporosis is a disease of the bone.  In this disease the Bone Mineral Density reduces considerably, this leads the bones prone to getting fractured more easily.  Bone is a living tissue and can break and repair itself, like all tissues. But age diminishes its reconstruction capacity, resulting in spaces (tiny holes) in the bones and reducing its density.  The bones become fragile and cause fractures (cracks) in the hip or compressions in the vertebra.  Bones are made up of collagen, calcium, and protein; deficiency of these also leads to osteoporosis.  The spine, hips and wrists are most affected by bone fractures caused due to osteoporosis.  Although all skeletal bones are also vulnerable to osteoporosis-related fractures.

    Osteoporosis symptoms are not noticed unless bone fractures, after which there is a noticeable pain that radiates to other parts of the body.  In osteoporosis, healing takes longer and in that process, could fracture a number of other bones.

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            Ovarian Cancer
    When previously healthy cells in the ovaries, turn into malignant tumors, which cause harm to the body, it is called as ovarian cancer. Ovaries are oval-shaped paired glands that are located on either side of the uterus in the pelvic cavity.  Ovaries are gonads or sex glands wherein the sex cells are produced.  These are a vital part of the female reproductive system.  Ovaries are ovum-producing glands that are analogous to testes, which in turn, are sperm-producing glands in males.  Since ovaries produce certain hormones, these are a part of the endocrine system in women.  Ovarian cancer, as the name suggests, occurs when an uncontrollable and abnormal cell division leads to the development of a malignant growth in one or both ovaries.  The symptoms may not be noticeable in the initial stages, but as the disease progresses, women may experience leg pain, leg cramps, abdominal cramping, swelling in lower extremities, pelvic pressure, urinary problems or pain in the pelvic region.

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            Ovarian Cyst
    Also known as ovarian cyst symptoms and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

    Development of small cysts in the ovaries is termed as polycystic ovarian syndrome or Stein-Leventhal syndrome.
    These cysts are fluid-filled sacs formed over the ovaries present on each side of the uterus.  In most cases, ovarian cysts tend to resolve on their own and have no symptoms indicating their existence.  The majority of cysts are benign in nature and can vary in size.  They are about less than the size of a pea or can grow as large as a lemon.  Ovarian cysts are generally harmless in nature, but can turn into a severe complication in some women.  It can either grow very large and lead to a burst cyst or it could become a twisted ovarian cyst.  This Buzzle article will focus more on what causes twisted ovarian cysts and help you know more about it.

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            Pain
    Pain is a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder.  There are different types of pain, here are some to list a few: Body Ache and Chills with No Fever, Having a Sore Body for No Reason, Femoral Artery Pain, Somatic Pain, Pain in Right Side of Body, Thalamic Pain Syndrome, Sharp Pain in Left Side of Body, Waist Pain Right Side, Facial Nerve Pain, Sore Hands, Gate Control Theory, Clavicle Pain, Esophagus Pain, Cheek Pain, Pain Under Armpit, Leg Pain Behind Knee, Upper Thigh Pain, Leg Pain at Night, Thigh Pain, and Groin Pain in Women

    Basically, all direct pain or indirect Pain (signal that another part of the body is compromised) is due to either injury, infection, and/or some sort of deficiency which all may be treated with great effectiveness, especially once the root cause of the Pain is resolved.

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            Panic Attack
    Panic Disorder, Panic Attack symptoms, or Anxiety Attack.

    As the name suggests, this condition comes suddenly to the person, and without any warning, and with no reason.  This sudden episode of panic induces a jolt of intense fear in the patient.  And the worse part is, it develops for no apparent reason.  In response to this attack, several physical reactions may occur in the body.  Most often, people who have had this terrible experience, are usually with a view that during the attack they had felt as if they are losing control of themselves, or are about to die.  Now such attacks may also lead to chronic panic disorder, if they start occurring frequently or if the person may start avoiding places or situations because of the fear of another attack.

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            Paranoid Personality Disorder
    People suffering from paranoid personality disorder have an unrelenting mistrust and suspicion related to people around them.  They show extreme distrust, sensitivity and suspicion towards people for no reason at all.  These people constantly suspect that people around them are planning and plotting against them.  They only trust themselves, and never try to form strong bonds with people around them.  PPD patients are forever trying to interpret hidden meanings and intentions in words and actions of people around them.  They always maintain distance from others, and appear cold.  If anything goes wrong in their lives, they are always ready to place the blame on others and will maintain long grudges against those who have wronged them in any way.

    PPD belongs to the group of eccentric personality disorders.  The symptoms of this disorder usually appear in early adulthood.  You will find these people are always different and have peculiar thoughts.  They are hypersensitive about things and people and have strange fantasies.  As they are forever distrustful and hostile towards others, they have poor interpersonal relationships.

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            Parkinson's Disease (PD)
    Parkinson's disease is also known as Parkinson disease or PD.  It is a chronic and progressive degenerative disease of the brain that impairs motor control, speech, and other functions.  Parkinson's disease causes are mostly associated with genetic mutation and exposure of body to drugs and toxins.

    Parkinson's disease is a wide spread disorder affecting the lives of many.  This degenerative disorder of the Central Nervous System is mostly prevalent in people above the age of 60.  Before going into the depths of Parkinson's disease prognosis, let's first study the anatomy of brain.  The portion of the brain, known as basal ganglia is responsible for controlling the movements of body.  It contains two types of cells that produce the chemicals dopamine and acetylcholine.  A proper balance between these two substances regulate transmission of nerve impulses.  Parkinson's disease causes are associated with degeneration of cells that produce dopamine.  A research based study has shown that people suffering from Parkinson's disease have lost 80 percent or more dopamine producing cells.  The following segment shall elaborate on the causes, symptoms, stages and diagnosis of Parkinson's disease.

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            Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
    Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a common circulatory disorder, which is characterized by narrowing of arteries.  It results in reduced blood flow to the lower extremities.

    The circulatory system contains two types of blood vessels namely veins and arteries.  The main function of these vessels is to carry blood to various organs.  The arteries carry oxygen and nutrient-rich blood from heart to body cells.  Peripheral artery disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular diseases is a common disease of arteries.  It is caused by accumulation of fatty material, plaque, within the vessels.  This condition is known as atherosclerosis, or arteriosclerosis, or hardening of arteries.  During this gradual process, the arteries become blocked and narrowed.  When arteries of heart are affected, it results in coronary heart disease/coronary artery disease.

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            Personality Disorders
    Personality, on a contrary note, stems from a Greek term persona, which means mask. A mask that one manages to wear, hoods himself from the worldly sight and go about doing his business.  Manuscripts spell that the characters who had roles to comply-with in plays, wore a mask and performed to mimic behaviors and idiosyncrasies that have served to be of great influence to the play poppers.  To maintain one's personality and to be tagged as stable is what normalcy is all about.  We all go through tough times and we have to cope with it.  In unfortunate cases, there are some people who cannot emerge out from their respective crises and fall into pits of different types of personality disorders that change their behavior patterns drastically.

    There are different types of personality disorders that can dither an individual from leading a normal lifestyle.  Different types of personality disorders transform the normal mode of life.  They have the potential to disrupt the life that one leads and spell havoc for the individual.  All those who reside under the same roof with the individual also has to bear the brunt, thereby going through immense stress and trauma.  Personality disorders completely change the way the individual deals with life, his way of interacting with friends and acquaintances.  As troubles escalate, appropriate physiological and psychological help needs to be provided.  It is important to know the symptoms of different personality disorders in order to understand and recommend the line of treatment.  The personality disorders are classified into three clusters.

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            Peptic Ulcers
    A peptic ulcer is an ulcerative lesion found in the upper part of the small intestine or the lining of the stomach.

    Peptic ulcer disease is of two types. They are:

    Duodenal ulcers: Ulcers that are created in the upper part of the small intestine.
    Gastric ulcers: Ulcers that are found in the stomach.

    Causes:
    In most cases, peptic ulcers are caused by the H. pylori bacteria.  The infection caused by this bacterium breaks down the stomach or intestinal lining, making them more sensitive to acid, which can further lead to ulcers.  Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID's) lower the stomach’s resistance to the harmful effects of acid.  Usually, ulcers that are caused by NSAID's heal on their own after the medication is discontinued.  Smoking also increases the risk of an ulcer because of the nicotine in tobacco, which increases the volume and concentration of stomach acid.  Smoking can also slow down the healing during ulcer treatment.  The relationship between ulcers and alcohol is still vague, but it is said that excessive alcohol consumption can irritate and erode the mucous lining of the stomach and increase the amount of stomach acid that is produced.

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            Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)
    Pervasive development disorder refers to a group of disorders, each of which is characterized by delays in the progress of some basic functions like communication and socialization.  The most common of the group of disorders is Autism.  The others include Childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS).  Let us look at each of them.  But before that, let us understand the some common symptoms, causes and the cure for Pervasive Developmental Disorder.

    Symptoms of PDD
    Symptoms of PDD are detectable before three years of a child’s age.  Those suffering from PDD include difficulties interacting with others.  They avoid eye contact with people and commonly exhibit difficulties in language perception.  They show odd behaviors like spinning and hand flapping and are often seen playing with the same toy.  PDD is characterized by delays in physical and mental development.

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            Peyronie's Disease
    Peyronie's Disease is among the conditions that are associated with the sexual function of men.  It refers to a condition which is marked by the formation of a thick scar tissue in the shaft of the penis; when explained on clinical terms, the corpus cavernosa.  This term refers to two tube-like chambers contained in the penis.  When a man is sexually aroused, blood flows into these chambers.  Then there is what is known as the Tunica Albuginea.  It is an elastic tissue that envelopes the corpus cavernosa as a protective medium (sheath).  So when the blood flow increases in the penis, this elastic tissue stretches, and this is what makes the penis straightened and stiffened.  But due to certain factors, which doctors are still perplexed with, this very sheath is damaged and a scar tissue, called plaque, forms along its length.  And this reduces its flexibility, which eventually affects the erection of the penis during sexual activity.

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            Phobias
    A phobia can be defined as an aberrant and intense fear of an object or situation, that poses little or no actual danger. Usually, a phobia is considered similar to a normal fear, but it is the extent to which a person is affected, that determines whether that fear has become a phobia. The most common fears or phobias that people usually suffer from include; heights, darkness, snakes, insects, closed-in places, etc.

    Though your phobia can be an irrational fear for others, a single thought of that object or situation can actually make you anxious, and if in case you are exposed to that situation, the terror is automatic and overwhelming. The experience can be so scary or nerve-wracking, that you may go to any extent of avoiding it, and would eventually end up changing your lifestyle too.

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            Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
    Pink eye, as it is commonly called, is actually Conjunctivitis.  Pink eye occurs when there is an inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye, conjunctiva, along with the inner part of the eyelids, as a result of an allergy or an infection.  Find out more on conjunctivitis by reading on.

    It is observed that the inner layer of eyelids as well as white part of the eye is found to be covered with a thin membrane, known as the conjunctiva.  The term 'conjunctivitis' is used to describe an eye problem in which the conjunctiva is inflamed.  Exposure to bacteria, viruses or allergens causes conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye.  Be it viral or bacterial conjunctivitis (pink eye), the infection is contagious and usually lasts for 7-14 days.  Chlamydia trachomatis, gonorrhea and Moraxella are the strains of bacteria that are responsible for causing this type of conjunctivitis.  This is a common eye problem diagnosed in children and complications associated with it are a rarity.

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            Polio
    Polio, also known as infantile paralysis, is a life threatening viral infection that usually infects children.  It can leave patients crippled for life, in its aftermath.  Polio (poliomyelitis) is a viral infectious disease that spreads from one person to another. It is a contagious disease in which the virus enters the body through the nose or the mouth, and travels to the intestines, and then incubates. It is also called infantile paralysis, which means that infants are more prone to this disease. Polio paralyzes the basic body features, such as the upper and lower limbs. This disease has been a problem for mankind since ancient times. This fact can be confirmed from pictures from the ancient Egyptian period, in which men are seen with withered limbs and standing with the help of a stick.

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            Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is normally a bacterial or viral infection of the lungs, which is characterized by inflammation of lungs and build up of a fluid material in the pulmonary alveoli. The fluid build up tends to hamper the flow of oxygen to the blood, which in turn triggers several pneumonia symptoms. Commonly observed pneumonia symptoms include fever, chills, high body temperature, excessive sweating, and chest pain. Pneumonia diagnosis includes taking an X-ray, medical examination, and some blood tests to ascertain the causes of pneumonia. Pneumonia treatment includes treating these symptoms using antibiotics, inhalation therapy, and other prescribed medications, depending on the seriousness of the issue.

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            Post Nasal Drip
    Post Nasal Drip of PND is caused due to excess accumulation of mucus in the throat and at the back of the nose.  The sinuses produce this due to swallowing disorder, sinusitis, or rhinitis.  Contraceptives and pregnancy can cause PND.

    Mucus running downward to the back of the throat is called post nasal drip.  Sore throat is a common symptom of a post nasal drip.  The excessive mucus in throat causes irritation in the throat and results in its swelling.

    Also known as rhinitis, post nasal drip is a condition affecting the mucus membranes of the nasal passage.  The inner lining of the nasal passage gets inflamed and conduces to mucus accumulation in the back of the nose and throat.  The person feels as if mucus is dripping from the back of the nose.  Post nasal drips can be caused by sinus infections, allergies or even excessive mucus in throat.  It is often seen that chronic sore throat develops due to post nasal drip.  Sore throat caused due to post nasal drip can be very irksome and painful.  There is no infection, however, the tonsils and other surrounding tissues in the throat are seen to swell.  This results in a lumpy feeling in the throat.  The mucus running down the nose to the back of the throat, leaves the throat irritated, dry and raw.  But, how to treat sore throat from post nasal drip?  Let's find out!

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            Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to extreme psychological trauma such as life-threatening or terribly frightening events, or overwhelmingly unsafe experience in which grave physical harm was threatened or occurred.  Posttraumatic stress disorder is an emotional illness condition triggered by traumatic event and characterized by ongoing emotional reactions like intense fear, helplessness or horror.  PTSD is also known as shell shock, railway spine, traumatic war neurosis, and post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS).

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            Premature Baby
    Premature babies are those children who are born before the 37th week of pregnancy.  It is because of this reason that premature babies or preemies weigh much less than full-term babies and may suffer from health problems.  Preemies require special medical attention and care.  This is provided to them in a neonatal intensive care unit, or NICU.  Premature babies are kept in the NICU until their organ systems can work on their own.

    What are some of the causes of preterm delivery?

    There are many causes that are responsible for preterm deliveries.  At times it is caused by the mother’s lifestyle choices made during pregnancy such as smoking, drinking, using drugs, eating poorly and exposure to physical stress.  Of course there are times when the causes are way past the mother’s control.  In this case we would need to take into consideration causes like hormonal imbalance, a structural abnormality of the uterus, a chronic illness or an infection.  Preterm delivery also happens when the mother is above 35 years of age or less than 19.

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            Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
    Hormonal changes which are characteristic to occur a few days before the beginning of the menstrual cycle often render women in a very temperamental mode.  This may make them seem complicated.  This phenomenon is called Premenstrual Syndrome, or more lovingly, PMS!

    Most women are aware of the condition known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS).  It is a name given to a group of symptoms which usually surface about two weeks before a woman has her monthly period.  And these symptoms can affect the person physically, psychologically, and even in terms of her behavioral aspect.  Now, when PMS becomes severe, it is known as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD).

    Now, the symptoms may seem similar to PMS, but the intensity of the PMDD symptoms is far greater.  This condition is (Ab)normally treated by psychiatric diagnosis and is classified as the 'depressive disorder not otherwise specified' in the DSM-IV-TR.  The symptoms of PMDD are more focused on the changes in mood than physical symptoms.  It tends to have an extremely debilitating effect on the life of the woman experiencing it.

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            Prostate Cancer
    Prostate cancer disease is abnormal growth of cells in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system.  Prostate cancer develops when the cells of the prostate become abnormal.  They mutate and begin to grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors that spread to other parts of the body.  Prostate cancer may cause warning signs like difficulty in urination and prostate pain.  Early detection is important for successful treatment.

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            Psoriasis
    Know more about psoriasis - a disorder affecting skin as well as joints.

    Psoriasis and eczema are common skin diseases which affect most people all over the world.  The first one is a condition that affects the life cycle of the skin cells.  Primarily, it triggers a rapid build up of cells on the skin surface, giving rise to bouts of symptoms.  Also, it is a chronic skin disorder, which requires long-term treatment.  Coming to the second skin illness, eczema is also a long-lasting condition.  It refers to an itchy inflammation of the skin, and known to be more common in children.  What we would be studying here today would be a discussion which would differentiate one condition from the other.

    It is a non-contagious, chronic skin disease characterized by red patches of skin due to excessive skin cell growth and a silvery covering of dead skin on top of it.  It is a autoimmune response of the skin to a particular stimulus.  Elbows, knees and scalp are mostly affected by psoriasis, though it can appear in any part of the body.  It can be triggered in any individual regardless of age.  Even infants can develop this skin disease.  The most common form of psoriasis is the Plaque psoriasis.

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            Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)
    Reactive Attachment Disorder is a condition which develops in a child due to severe and chronic neglect, especially during his/her early years of life.  Find out more about it here.

    Reactive Attachment Disorder, or RAD, is a condition wherein the person afflicted with it has problems forming intimate, lasting and loving relationships.  While Reactive Attachment Disorders can vary in severity, however, the term generally refers to people who display almost a complete lack of the ability of being affectionate towards other people.  Typically, they are not successful at developing a conscience and do not have the ability to trust others.  Reactive attachment disorder usually starts before a child is 5 years of age, which results due to being pathogenically neglected during the first 3 years of the child’s life.

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            Renal Failure
    The kidneys are one of the most vital organs of our body.  Some important bodily functions that are carried out by the kidneys include excretion of unwanted waste products, elimination of extra fluid and maintaining electrolyte balance in the body.  Acute renal failure is a condition where the working of the kidneys get disrupted all of a sudden.  As a result, waste products, fluids and electrolyte get accumulated within the body.  This is a harmful condition which if left untreated can be life threatening.

    Acute renal failure mainly occurs for three major reasons.  When normal blood flow to the kidneys decrease for some reasons, the kidneys fail to function normally.  Heavy blood loss, heart disease, severe injuries, burns, bad infection, severe dehydration of the body are some of the factors that can affect blood flow to the kidneys.  If the kidneys get damaged by some diseases or infections, it fails to carry out normal functions.  Besides, there are some antibiotic medicines, pain relieving medicines, hypertension medicines which when taken for a prolonged period of time may have a damaging effect on the kidneys.  In case, the urine flow through the kidneys get obstructed, it results in acute renal failure.  Those who have bladder cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, enlarged prostate gland, kidney stones tend to suffer from acute renal failure which triggered by urinary obstructions.

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            Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
    Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS), a sleep disorder where people tend to move their legs to ease the discomfort in legs.

    As the name suggests, the restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition characterized by uneasiness in the legs.  It starts with an uncomfortable sensation in the legs, and makes the person suffering from it want to move them constantly.  This may be experienced while sitting, lying down, or sleeping.  People who suffer from this condition feel relieved when they move their legs, as this reduces the uncomfortable sensations, but only temporarily.  Though it is called the restless leg syndrome, this condition may also affect the arms.  It is a condition that usually makes its presence felt during the evening and at night, thereby causing trouble falling asleep, and leading to various sleep disorders.  So that your daily life is not disrupted by the restless leg syndrome, natural treatment may be used to cure it and provide relief.  Take a look.

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            Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
    Rheumatoid Arthritis in adults and in children called Juvenile Arthritis.

    The list of types of arthritis or rheumatic diseases can contain more than 100 items.  Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the two main rheumatoid arthritis types.  Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease and the most common type of inflammatory arthritis.  The immune system itself attacks various joints of the body.  The disease cannot be cured.  To manage the disease, early aggressive treatment is required.  Rheumatoid arthritis in adults and rheumatoid arthritis in children can be the main two types of RA.  Both these types of rheumatoid arthritis lead to joint pain, joint deformity, and disability.  Various diagnostic tests, physical examination and x-rays can confirm the diagnosis of RA.

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune disease that causes antibodies of the body to attack the body's own tissues.  Antibodies tend to surround the cartilage and tissue around each joint.  They damage these tissues and gradually lead to inflammation of the joint and bones near the joint.  The commonly affected joints include, the fingers, thumbs, wrists, knees, feet and ankle joints.  Less commonly affected joints include hips, shoulders, elbows and neck as well.  This is a symmetrical disorder, that means, if joints of the right hand are affected; joints of the left hand will also be affected.

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            Rheumatic Fever
    Rheumatic fever is caused due to a throat infection by the group A streptococcus bacteria, which manifests itself as a strep throat or scarlet fever.  Usually, the indications of rheumatic fever show up about five weeks after a streptococcal infection of the throat is left untreated.  However, most streptococcal throat infections do not result in rheumatic fever.  As a matter of fact, only a small percentage of cases of untreated throat infection actually develop into rheumatic fever.  Rheumatic fever, in fact, is an acute inflammatory condition which can affect various parts of the body such as the joints, the heart, the skin, and the nervous system.  Rheumatic fever usually afflicts children between 6-15 years of age, although it can develop at any age.  Females are twice as susceptible to the disease compared to males.

    In many of the cases, it has been seen that rheumatic fever affects the valves of the heart, known as rheumatic carditis, which hampers the normal flow of blood through the heart.  However, prompt treatment of a streptococcal throat infection, using antibiotics, can prevent rheumatic fever from occurring.

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            Ringworm
    Ring worm also called as Tinea is a common infection of the skin.  The cause of infection is fungus and not worm as the name suggests.

    Ringworm and tinea mean one and the same condition.  Tinea is a medical terminology for the commonly manifested ringworm disease.  The term itself is derived from a Latin word to signify larva or a developing worm.  Tinea or ringworm is basically a fungal infection, which is concentrated in the skin or external parts of the body.  Besides the common skin ringworm (manifested as circular patches), there are other types of tinea, which we will discuss in this article.

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            Rosacea
    Rosacea is a disease which is characterized by redness of the face.  It mostly affects the central part of the face and is mostly a harmless condition unless the eyes are affected.  Read on to know more about Rosacea.

    Rosacea is a disorder due to which the facial skin appears red as the underlying blood vessels become enlarged.  The redness may be accompanied by pimple-like skin eruptions.  Itching, burning sensation and swelling make the condition even worse.  Rosacea symptoms are mostly seen on the cheeks, chin, nose and forehead.  However, at times, they may spread to other parts like neck, scalp and ears.  Its effect can be seen in the eyes too with eye irritation, watery discharge and bloodshot eyes.  The typical characteristic of rosacea is that these symptoms come and go quite frequently.  In other words, people experience flare ups and remissions from time to time.  It is mostly found in people who are above the age of 30 years.  Women, particularly who are fair skinned, are more prone to rosacea.

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            Rotator Cuff
    Anatomically, the rotator cuff (rotor cuff) is the group of muscles and their tendons that act to stabilize the shoulder.  A group of muscles that help in stabilizing and moving the shoulder joint is collectively called the rotator cuff.  The rotator cuff muscles are vital in maintaining shoulder stability and movement of the shoulder.  It acts as a complete unit for moving the shoulder joint and it comprises of four muscles, namely Subscapularis, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus and Teres minor.  When there is damage to any of these muscles, its tendons or ligaments, due to overwork, injury or aging, a person might suffer from acute pain and restricted shoulder movements.  This is known as rotator cuff injury.

    The most common cause for rotator cuff injury is overuse of the shoulder muscles with repetitive movements.  Other causes of rotator cuff injury include poor posture, tendinitis, bursitis, and strains and tears to the rotator cuff muscles.  A person suffering from rotator cuff injury will have acute discomfort, pain and muscle weakness.  Physical therapy helps in strengthening the shoulder muscles and exercises for rotator cuff injury should be undertaken after discussing them with your doctor or physiotherapist.  Exercises that involve lifting weights should be done with utmost caution so as not to over strain the muscles with sudden movement.  Now, don't forget about proper nutrition to help rebuild the damaged area.

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            Scabies
    Scabies skin disorder occurs due to infestation of the skin due to mites.  These mites are small insects, which are visible only under a microscope.  Mites burrow under the skin and lay eggs, which can cause severe itching.  Scabies is a common skin condition which occurs all over the world.  If a person is showing symptoms like severe itching, which occurs especially at night, has burrows on the skin that looks like wavy thin tunnels, and has sores or blisters due to scratching, then he/she has got scabies.

    A highly contagious skin irritation that is caused when an itch mite called sarcoptes scabiei infests you.  This eight-legged mite causes intense itching on the skin which gets worsened with time.  In the US, scabies is often witnessed among the homeless, but reportedly, many patients in hospitals, clinics, and nursing homes tend to catch it.  The most common mode of transmission of scabies is direct skin-to-skin contact.  Most of the time, a mere handshake, also, sharing clothes, or coming in contact with an infected person by any chance does not lead to scabies transmission.  However, sexual contact with a scabies infected person is one of the most common scabies causes.  What's more, scabies is also considered as a sexually transmitted disease or STD.  On the other hand, other kinds of physical intimacy such as hugging, standing too close, etc. are some of the sufficient causes for the mites to spread.  As a result, it is essential to take account of some natural remedies for scabies treatment, being a commonly spread skin infection that it appears to be.

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            Scars
    Scar tissue is also known as adhesion and is formed when the original tissue is damaged by a serious physical injury, surgery, or repetitive motions.  As the tissues of the muscles, tendons, ligaments or nerves suffer any kind of damage, our body uses its natural mechanism to heal them up.  In this process, it creates some new connective tissues that are fibrous in nature and it act as a barrier for the wound which when heals up lead to formation of scar tissue.  However, this newly formed tissue is thicker and denser than normal tissue as it gets limited supply of blood and oxygen.  When this weak and inflexible tissue is pulled, it cannot make movements like any other healthy tissue.  This causes nerve inflammation and results in scar tissue pain.

    Scar tissue pain is caused either due to weakness in affected area or a repeat injury on it.  This is the body's natural way of healing, by creating a fiber like connective tissue called collagen and deposit on the skin to cover the wound.  But in some cases the scars tend to swell, become puffy and sometimes becoming red.  This scar is known as a hypertrophic scar.  Hypertrophic scarring is caused due to several reasons like burns, scratches, insect bites, accidents, injections, and tattoos.  Unlike keloids scars, that tend to grow indefinitely, hypertrophic scars occur only in the area of the wound.  Hypertrophic scarring occurs when the body tends to produce excess collagen, which leads to the scar becoming raised than the surrounding skin.

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            Sciatica
    Sciatica is a symptom and not the problem itself.  It often misinterpreted.  Its a nervous pain that shoots up in the legs, lower back and the buttocks.

    Sciatic nerve is a large peripheral nerve that exits from the spinal cord in the lower back region and runs down to the hips, thighs and legs.  It has a major role to play in transmission of signals from the brain to the leg muscles and also carries information related to sensations from them back to the brain.  When this vital nerve of the body get inflamed, then it leads to an extremely painful condition known as sciatica.

    Sciatic nerve pain is a very discomforting condition that can restrict one's mobility.  The sciatic nerve originates from the lower back and runs down through the buttocks to the back of legs.  If the nerve gets compressed or inflamed, one is most likely to experience pain and discomfort.  Though a mild sciatic pain might be attributed to a wrong posture, there are other factors that might lead to inflammation of this nerve.  These include injury to the spine or conditions such as herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or piriformis syndrome.  Sciatica can be caused due to a wide range of reasons.

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            Scurvy
    Scurvy causes myriad symptoms.  The early ones include poor appetite, diarrhea, fever, irritability, tenderness in legs, nausea, swelling and bleeding.  The patient may also suffer from poor weight gain, rapid breathing, fatigue, muscle and joint pain and he may feel as if some of his body parts are paralyzed.  Severe symptoms of this illness include gum bleeding, loosened teeth, bleeding in the eyes and drying of hair and skin.  Cuts and wounds may take longer time to heal, the eyes may seem to be protruding and there may occur bleeding of the cartilage between the joints.  Other than these, hyperkeratosis, corkscrew hair and sicca syndrome are also the symptoms that indicate the onset of scurvy.  In infants, this condition affects the natural growth process.  They might become increasingly irritable, anxious and they might suffer from bleeding of their bones.

    Initial diagnosis is carried by examining the symptoms, cited above.  Certain laboratory tests may be conducted on the patient in order to determine the level of vitamin C in the body.  These tests, clinically speaking, are done for analyzing serum ascorbic acid levels (or white blood cell ascorbic acid concentration).  In some cases, the need of radiological procedures may arise for the diagnosis.

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            Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
    Viral pneumonia is infection or inflammation of lungs that causes swelling, irritation and congestion in the lungs.  It is a belief that most of the pneumonias are caused due to viruses like adenovirus, chickenpox, measles, respiratory syncytial virus and influenza.  The infection begins when a virus is inhaled and gets settled in the lungs.  The infirmity frequently begins with as a cold.  The pneumonia usually spreads during the winter.  Although it is not so very serious but can have life threatening results especially for very old age people and very young patients.  It can also be seen causing seriousness to the people whose immune system is not good.

    Corona virus ,known as SARS, also known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome is also a viral infection.  Initially it shows the symptoms of flu which may later progress to pneumonia and sometimes to death.  However most all viruses may be treated naturally.

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            Schizoid Personality Disorder
    Schizoid Personality Disorder, also called as schizotypical disorder, it is a personality disorder that causes social isolation, odd behavior, abnormal thinking pattern and development of unconventional beliefs in an individual.

    People who tend to be socially isolated and have a thinking pattern that is different from the normal pattern are considered to have a schizoid personality.  As this condition usually begins in adulthood, one tends to wonder what are the causes of schizoid personality disorder.  Let us have a look at what is schizoid personality disorder and know more about its possible causes.

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            Schizophrenia
    Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that seems to be caused due to genetic disposition or environmental factors like stress, trauma or abuse.  This is a very challenging mental health condition, where the patient is not able to understand the difference between reality and fantasy.  They cannot think clearly and are unable to control their emotions.  A schizophrenic has his own take on reality that is far from true.  They begin to hear things, see things, and feel things.  They are in constant fear of being harmed by the unknown or someone near to them.  The confusion and fear in their minds tends to cloud their judgment.  They are plagued by hallucinations and delusions, and lose touch with reality.  Schizophrenics have a damaged thought process, where their mind repeatedly plays tricks on them, by blurring fantasy into reality.  Their feelings and emotions are muted, as they cannot respond emotionally to situations.  These people tend to move away from the society and begin to live an isolated life.  This condition affects both men and women.  It can strike as early as the adolescent age or may appear in adulthood.  In very rare cases, childhood schizophrenia is also observed.

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            Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
    Diseases that can be contracted by sexual means are known as sexually transmitted disorders / STD's.  The infection spreads through exchange of body fluids.  One is at risk of getting infected with different types of STDs when one has multiple partners.  There are about 1 in 5 Americans who are infected with multiple STDs.  However, there are certain types of STDs (bacterial, viral, and parasitic) that can spread through unsafe blood transfusions, sharing intramuscular and intravenous needles in case of drug addicts, like in case of HIV/AIDs infection.  There are over 25 different types of STDs in United States, here are some of the msot common.

    Bacterial STDs: Chlamydia or NGU, Gonorrhea, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), Syphilis, Vaginitis, Lymphogranuloma venereum

    Viral STDs: Genital warts, Human papilomavirus, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C (HCV), HIV/Aids, Genital herpes

    Parasitic STDs: Trichomonas, Crabs

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            Sinus Infections
    Sinus infections is a medical condition which involves infection or swelling of the paranasal sinuses due to various reasons; sinus infection symptoms can be mistaken for an allergy or the common cold.

    Sinusitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the sinus cavities, is a condition that is mainly caused by a viral or bacterial infection.  Even fungal infection of the sinus cavities may cause sinusitis.  In some cases, a deviated nasal septum or exposure to pollutants are found to cause this condition.  Sinusitis is classified into three types - acute, sub-acute and chronic.

    There are a few hollow cavities in the skull and these spaces are known as sinuses.  In case of humans, there are four pairs of sinuses.  Two are in the forehead and are called frontal sinuses, whereas two maxillary sinuses are located behind the cheeks (on either side).  The ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes, sphenoid sinuses are found deeper, beneath the ethmoids.  All these sinus cavities are jointly referred to as paranasal sinuses.  All these sinuses are connected to the nasal cavity through very small openings (ostium).

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            Skin Cancer
    Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in today's world and affects almost 2 million people in the United States of America each year that are being diagnosed with non melanoma skin cancer!  There are two types of skin cancer that affect humans.  One is the non-melanoma skin cancer, which starts from the outer layer of the skin; and the melanoma skin cancer, which occurs in the melanocytes which are cells that are responsible for skin pigmentation.  These cells are found in the deeper layers of the skin.  Non melanoma cancer is more common than melanoma cancer.  While melanoma cancer is more dangerous as compared to non-melanoma cancer, both of them can be cured if detected at an early stage.

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            Skin Rash
    Skin rashes cause the change in the color, appearance, and texture of the skin.  Rashes are characterized by itching, swelling, reddening, and pain.

    A skin rash is an alteration in the skin's disposition, affecting its color, texture and feel.  A rash may be confined to one particular part of the body or may be spread all over.  A rash may cause the affected skin to start itching, swell, blister, feel bumpy, warm, dry or cracked.  It can be painful too.  Skin rash types, are based on shape, size, and consistency.

    Types of Skin Rashes (Viruses): Chickenpox, Measles, Rubella, Roseola Rash, Shingles, Fifth Disease, Warts, Molluscum Contagiosum
    Types of Skin Rashes (Fungus): Ringworm, Yeast Infections, Athlete's Foot, Jock Itch, Tinea Versicolor
    Types of Skin Rashes (Bacteria): Impetigo, Skin Abscess, Syphilis Rash, Strep Throat Rash, Lyme Disease, Cellulitis Infection Rash, Scaled Skin Syndrome, Scarlet Fever Rash, Malar Rash
    Types of Skin Rashes (Allergies): Hives, Nettle Rash, Dermatitis, Allergic Eczema Rash, Hay Fever Rash,
    Skin Rashes (Other Reasons): Skin Rash from Sun, Scabies, Chlorine Rash, Psoriasis, HIV Rash, Discoid Rash, Insect Bite Rashes

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            Sleep Disorders (Sleep Apnea)
    There are various sleep disorders like sleep apnea, sleep walking and other diseases related to sleep.  Sleep pattern disturbance can be caused due to several reasons.  Many times this is just a normal symptom of major improper balances in hormones, protein, organ function, and/or deficiency of vital minerals.

    All of these may be successfully treated with specific changing of diet and supplementation with the help of your caring Natropathic physician.

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            Smallpox
    Smallpox is a highly contagious and grave viral infection that can prove life threatening in 30% of the cases – in olden times, before the development of the Smallpox vaccine, the rate of fatality was even higher.  The most recognizable aspect of Smallpox is the eruption of a pus-filled rash that covers the entire body of the infected person.  These blisters often leave permanent disfiguring pock-marks.  Sometimes the disease can cause blindness.  The virus that causes Smallpox is called the Variola Virus.

    There are two forms of Smallpox – the Variola Major, which is the more serious, and the Variola Minor.  People who contracted the Variola Major usually collapsed almost immediately.  With Variola Minor, the infected persons remained on their feet for a longer duration and so the risk of a spreading infection was higher with Variola Minor.  The disease is not spread through animals or insects.

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            Snoring
    The annoying sound that we refer to as snoring is produced as a result of the vibrations of soft tissues located at the back of our throat.  Generally, when we sleep the muscles in the roof of our mouth, tongue, and throat relax.  As a result of relaxation, these muscles become more susceptible to vibration, which in turn obstructs the airways.  If the person has narrow airways the force at which the air flows increases, and this in turn increases the vibration and results in loud snoring.  Even though men are more prone to snoring than women it is very difficult to differentiate between what causes snoring in men and what causes snoring in women.  Simply put, obstruction of the airways is the main cause when it comes to snoring.  This obstruction of airways can be attributed to various factors, the most prominent among which are given below.

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            Social Anxiety
    Social anxiety is used to refer to an experience of anxiety by an individual in a social set up.  It also includes fear, apprehension, or worry related to social events or being evaluated by people.

    The fear of ridicule is something that we all have experienced, even the 'butterflies in the stomach' feeling when we are placed in the spotlight or in other social situations.  But we get by and through, and get on with our daily activities with confidence.  But there are those who can't, or simply allow the situation to take over every social realm of their life.  People who suffer from the concept of being critically evaluated constantly, and have excessive fear of social interactions are said to suffer from social anxiety, also known as social phobia.  They have a high level of self-consciousness, and get perturbed in public places and forums.  They live with the false and very unreasonable belief that everyone is watching, staring and judging them, which leads to constant panic attacks.  This kind of social anxiety becomes a cause of worry when it begins to disrupt your daily routine and activities, and has a very negative bearing on your relationships; personal and professional.  So, how to overcome social anxiety?  There are a few tried and tested ways to overcome social anxiety, could this be all part of the flght-and-flight syndrome that are control by the certain organs and hormones.

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            Staph Infection (MRSA)
    Staph infections are caused by a bacterium known as staph or staphylococcus aureus.  Being Contagious, they spread very easily.  Staph bacteria are spherical in shape; reside on the human skin, especially in the nose, mouth, genitals and anal areas.  They enter into the body through cuts.  It should not be confused with another similar bacterium called streptococcus which grows in chains or pairs, unlike staphylococcus which generate in to grape-like clusters.  Referred to as MRSA infection, a concerning issue with this infectious disease is, the causal bacterial stain is resistant to commonly prescribed antibiotics.  Without prompt mercer infection (nutritional) treatment, the symptoms may worsen to life-threatening complications.

    The Staphylococcus causes several infections and life threatening conditions in humans.  The MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) is one such severe condition caused due to this bacteria.  Staph infection symptoms include boils, abscess, swelling, tenderness, redness, blisters, etc. in the area which has been affected by the infection.  The pus and infection can reach deep inside the body, resulting in conditions like pneumonia.  The infections spreads very quickly through contaminated or unhygienic conditions.  Although there are ways for the treatment of this infection, one should follow the preventive measures in order to avoid this life threatening condition.

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            Stomach Cancer
    Stomach is a vital organ of the digestive system which is located in the abdomen just below the ribs.  It plays a major role in breaking down of the foods that we eat.  Stomach cancer is also known as gastric cancer.  Stomach cancer is categorized into various types depending upon the cells that are responsible for the cancer.  This organ has five layers and usually stomach cancer (or gastric cancer) starts from the inner layer and progresses to other layers.  Once it reaches the outer layer, it can spread to the nearby organs, like, pancreas, liver, esophagus, intestine, etc.  These cells may also break off and spread throughout the body.  Nowadays, it is noted that most stomach cancer cases are found near the esophagus.  Stomach cancer is categorized into different types and the most common among them is adenocarcinoma, which affects the glandular cells that line the inner surfaces of the stomach.  The other three types are lymphoma (affects the immune system cells in the stomach wall), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (affects the nervous system cells in the stomach) and carcinoid cancer (affects hormone producing cells).  Even though, no specific cause can be attributed to this disease, it is believed that stomach cancer causes can be a combination of various risk factors.

    Signs and Symptoms: vomiting after meals, weakness, unplanned weight loss, black stool, vomiting of blood, pain in the abdomen which further increases after eating, discomfort in the upper or middle region of the abdomen, a feeling of fullness after meals, despite consuming less than normal.

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            Strep Throat (Sore Throat)
    Strep throat is caused by streptococcus infection, leading to a feeling of tightness and pain in the throat.  A sore throat is sometimes accompanied by a burning sensation in the throat and swelling.  With strep throat come fever, headache, difficulty swallowing and body pain.

    Strep throat is the condition wherein fever, sore throat and difficulty in swallowing due to reddened or inflamed throat is noticed.  This situation arises when the bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes invade your throat.  Therefore, this type of infection of throat is commonly recognized as strep throat.

    This is a contagious infection of the throat and the tonsils, that affects the pharynx and also the surrounding tissues of the throat and mouth.  A strep throat will be most commonly seen in children, but can affect anyone at any age.  Strep throat is not only prevalent in the winters, but throughout the year too.

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            Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
    Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is one of the major causes of death in children between one month and one year of age.  It causes sudden and unexplained death of healthy infants.  Most incidences of SIDS occur, when babies are between 2 and 6 months of age.  A leading hypothesis suggests that SIDS results from a delay in the development of nerve cells and nuclei within the brain, which are critical to normal heart and lung function.  In the examinations of brainstem of infants that died with SIDS, it was found that there was a developmental delay in the formation of arcuate nucleus in the brain and related neural pathways of the brain.

    Another possibility is that a child sleeping face down, may move his/her face in such a position that his/her nose and mouth are totally obstructed.  This can lead to alteration in the levels of oxygen or carbon dioxide in infant’s blood.  Normally, it triggers arousal responses and makes the infant to move his/her head to the side to relieve this obstruction.  If the baby is unable to awaken or respond, then it may result in SIDS.  This condition is known as rebreathing asphyxia.  Hypothermia is another possible cause of SIDS.

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            Sunburn
    Sunburns refer to overexposure of the harmful Ultraviolet radiation to a living tissue like skin.  It leads to reddening of skin and mild dizziness.  Photodermatitis is the term applied for abnormal skin reaction, that people develop due to sun exposure.  This condition is characterized by skin rashes, hives, swelling and development of blisters or skin eruptions.  Photodermatitis, also known as sun poisoning is the condition, where people develop an abnormal skin reaction to sunlight, especially ultraviolet radiation of the sunlight.  The condition can be characterized by sudden or gradual occurrence.  It is usually considered that, photodermatitis develops due to immune reactions, and can be affected by several factors, that makes the skin hypersensitive to sunlight.

    Sun poisoning is associated with a hypersensitivity reaction due to excess exposure to sunrays.  It can cause the symptoms such as redness, itching, blisters, rashes and flu-like symptoms.  Read on to know more about sun poisoning symptoms.  Mild symptoms include fatigue and dizziness.  Some may even suffer from chills and fever, nausea, and vomiting.

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            Syphilis
    Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease.  Thankfully, the STD can be treated with antibiotics and penicillin.  A prolonged infection can affect the heart, aorta, brain and the eyes.  The first time outbreak of the disease of seen amongst French soldiers in Naples.

    Syphilis is one of those sexually transmitted diseases that often mimics symptoms of other diseases.  The bacterium that causes this disease is known as Treponema pallidum (a spirochete).  This disease is contagious and spreads through direct contact with a syphilis sore, which is one of the main signs of this infection.  These syphilis sores occur almost anywhere, on the lips, inside the mouth, on the genitals, anus and even in the rectum.  However, this infection does not spread by sharing of clothes or utensils or toilet seats or hot tubs.  The main mode of bacterial transmission takes place during oral, anal or vaginal intercourse.  One of the prominent signs indicating infestation of treponema pallidum, is a syphilis skin rash.

    Syphilis is an infection that spreads through vaginal, anal, and oral sex.  A bacterium commonly known as Treponema pallidum is responsible for causing this sexually transmitted infection.  Syphilis is highly contagious and can affect both women and men.  Individuals are likely to get this disease from a sexual partner infected with syphilis.

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            Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus or SLE is a connective tissue disorder.  The tissues get inflamed as the immune system attacks the tissues and the body cells.  As a result the tissues get damaged.

    Termed under what is known as an autoimmune disease, Lupus is a condition where the body's immune system, rages out of control, attacking healthy, normal tissues.  Antibodies which the immune system makes, are protein fighters that protect and guard the body from antigens like bacteria and viruses.  So because there are mixed messages of which are the healthy tissues and which ones are the antigens, this causes the immune system to target the antibodies towards the healthy tissue and antigens simultaneously.  It can affect any one part / various parts of the body, like the skin, kidneys, heart, brain, muscles and so on.  It can affect those who are extremely young, like 10 years of age, to the elderly in their fifties.  There are four types of lupus disease symptoms, namely, discoid lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus, drug induced lupus erythematosus and neonatal lupus erythematosus.  When it is systemic (SLE) in nature, it means that any part of the body can be involved, when it is DLE, it involves only the skin, drug induced lupus is caused by certain types of drugs and neonatal lupus affects newborns, though rare.

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            Tennis Elbow
    A Tennis Elbow or Lateral Epicondylitis is a condition when the outer part of the elbow becomes painful and tender, usually as a result of a specific strain, overuse, or a direct bang.  The outer part of the elbow is rather painful and tender to touch.  Movements of the elbow, and also movements, that involve lifting, with the hand on top, hurt real bad.  Any sport, from badminton, to tennis, to golf involves both the massive movement of the wrist and the complete arm.  The elbow is one such part which is most often neglected and once affected takes a rather long time to heal according to regular modern medicine.

    Although called tennis elbow, lateral epicondylitis is much more commonly seen in people who are over using their arm doing something else; it could equally well be called "plasterer's elbow" or "mechanic's elbow" or "painter's elbow."  The most common cause is the over use of muscles that are attached to the bone at this part of the elbow.  This simply refers to all those muscles that pull the hand backwards, in sports like the ones mentioned above.  All extensor muscles of the hand attach to the elbow at the outer part (the lateral epicondyle).  If they are strained or over used they become inflamed, which means they are swollen, painful and tender to touch.

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            Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion)
    Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy and expulsion of fetus from the uterus resulting in or caused by death of the embryo.  This loss of a pregnancy could include spontaneous abortion or induced abortion.  Spontaneous abortion is called miscarriage.  Abortion usually means induced abortion of a human pregnancy.

    If you or someone you know needs help, (even with making a decision), then do not hesitate to contact your nearest (Natrupathic) physician.

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            Testicular Cancer
    As the term very clearly suggests, testicular cancer is the cancer that affects the testicles (a part of the male reproductive system).  Testicular Cancer can occur for 1 in 250 men and has the highest cure rate as compared to any other cancer.

    So as I was saying, having a lump on testicles may be indicative of the development of testicular cancer, which commonly affects one testicle.  One good thing about this condition is, the prognosis for the treatment is brighter than other cancer treatment.  Here, even if the cancer has spread beyond the testicular area, it can still be treated.  Because the presence of a lump on testicles might signal such a severe condition, doctors advise that all males must self-check the area once they have reached puberty or the age of 15.

    Testicular cancer or cancer of the testicles is caused due to the growth of carcinogenic cells in the testicles.  There is no exact cause known of how testicular cancer is caused in men.

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            Tooth Decay
    Anyone who has experienced an excruciating pain in the tooth, would know the importance of fast toothache relief.  Attack of bacteria in the mouth can lead to tooth decay, in turn leading to dental problems like cavities, structural damage and pain in the tooth.  Here, we have brought you articles on tooth pain, infection, cavities in the tooth, remedial measures for the same along with some dental health care tips.

    A tooth infection caused by a bacteria can occur due to a number of reasons.  Some of the causes include formation of cavities, damage to the enamel, gum diseases, or even an injury to the tooth.  Tooth abscess is a severe form of infection that attacks the root of the tooth, causing accumulation of pus and swelling of the gum tissue.
    Tooth Abscess:
    Gum Diseases:
    Cracked Tooth:
    Jaw Disorders:

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            Trisomy Syndrome
    Trisomy 18 Syndrome also known as Edwards Syndrome gets its name from John H Edwards who discovered it.  Seen amongst one in 3000 births, the genetic disorder is fairly rare.  It occurs due to extra part of 18th chromosome.  It usually leads to death arising from heart malfunction and other disorders.  The chances of Trisomy Syndrome are higher in a late pregnancy.  Its occurrence probability ratio is 1:3000.  The occurrence percentage is more in girls than boys which is about 3 times higher.

    Trisomy 13 Syndrome, also known as Patau Syndrome is a very rare and the most severe of the possible autosomal trisomies.  Most of the cases have seen survival for not more than 3 days.  Initially In 1960, it was identified as a Cytogenetic Syndrome.  The cause of Patau syndrome is abnormal presence of an extra copy of chromosome 13, acrocentric chromosome of a medium-length.  The extra chromosome 13 disturbs the normal course of development, causing the characteristic features of Patau syndrome.  Chronic mental deficiency is a regular characteristic found in children born with Patau Syndrome.

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            Tuberculosis (TB)
    Tuberculosis is a disease caused by myobacteria - myobacterium tuberculosis, which normally grips the lungs.  Although it usually attacks lungs, it can adversely affect the lymphatic system, central nervous system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system, skin, bones and even joints.  TB is a contagious bacterial infection which spreads through air and affects various organs in our body.  Pulmonary tuberculosis is a type of tuberculosis which is defined as an infectious disease of the lungs.  Pulmonary TB is caused by the Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (which is a pathogen of tuberculosis), it affects the lung tissues and leads to inflammation and destruction of the lung walls.  Most people recover from it automatically and in 60% cases this pathogen remains inactive.  However, this doesn't mean that it won't start its work of destroying your lungs and causing various respiratory problems.

    Tuberculosis is caused due to slow dividing bacteria.  As a result, it takes the infection several months to years to develop active symptoms for the disease.  However, within 2 to 12 weeks of exposure to the bacteria, a person may develop a primary infection to lungs.  Incidentally, this infection is asymptotic, meaning it does not produce any symptom at all.  A chest X-ray at this time shows no infection to lungs.  The only way of detecting an infection is a tuberculin skin test, which looks for antibodies against tuberculosis bacteria.  This test can successfully confirm if the patient has been exposed to TB bacteria or not.  Usually, primary infection is taken care of by the person's immune system within 6 to 8 weeks of exposure to the bacteria.

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            Ulcers
    An ulcer is an open wound or breakage in the tissue of the skin, the mucous membranes or the lining.  The most common form of ulcer is stomach ulcer, otherwise known as peptic ulcer.  It is generally caused due to infection by a bacterium, Helicobacter pylori.  However, ulcers might also be a symptom of underlying causes such as deficiency of nutrients in the diet.  Even a cancerous growth in the tissue can manifest itself as an ulcer.

    Corneal Ulcer: is characterized by an open sore on the cornea, the transparent outer covering of the eye.  It is otherwise known as ulcerative keratitis.
    Skin Ulcer: any open sore on the skin that does not heal easily is an ulcer.  According to dermatologists, ulcer of the skin occurs in six stages.
    Peptic Ulcer: an ulcer affecting the lining of the walls of the stomach or the upper part of the small intestine.  Usually peptic ulcer affects the innermost layer or mucosa of the stomach.  If, in rare cases, the ulcer affects the outer layers, it is termed as perforation.
    Mouth Ulcer: mouth ulcer is a result of damage or injury to the inner lining of the mouth, which leads to painful sores and wounds.  Sores appearing on the tongue are termed as tongue ulcers.  Ulcers of the mouth usually do not require any medications as they heal by themselves, within a few days after they appear.
    Ulcerative Colitis: the mucus membrane of the intestine is infected which leads to inflammation.  The intestinal ulcers also cause bleeding due to which a person passes stools with mucus, pus, and blood.

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            Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    A bacterial infection, affecting any part of the urinary tract is called as urinary tract infection.  In this infection, the bacteria reach the bladder and the kidney and multiply in the urine.

    Urinary tract infection, also known as UTI or cystitis, is the second most common type of infection.  The urinary system includes kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra.  UTI causes an inflammation of kidneys, bladder or urethra.  The condition ranges in severity from mild cystitis to severe kidney infections such as pyelonephritis.  UTI is more common in adults, than children.  About 1-2% children get this infection.  Among adults, women are at a higher risk of developing urinary tract infections than men.  However, the frequency of infection is similar in both men and women in older age.

    Urethritis is a condition that affects of the urinary organs of the human body.  It is a condition prevalent in both men and women.  It can be described as a condition during which the urethra gets inflamed.  The urethra is the tube that carries urine and semen outside the body through the urinary organs.  One of the main symptoms of Urethritis is experiencing a pain during urination, known as dysuria.

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            Varicose Veins
    Varicose veins are veins which are tortuous and enlarged.  They mostly grip the veins of the legs and can be painful while standing or walking.

    The function of the veins is to return the deoxygenated blood from the parts of our body to our heart.  When these veins become enlarged, swollen and twisted, this abnormality in the structure of the veins is referred to as varicose veins.  Varicose veins appear as protruding and enlarged lines on the skin.  The color of the veins changes to blue or bluish-purple.  Though varicose veins could occur anywhere in the body, but these can mostly be found in legs.  Spider veins is another similar medical condition in which smaller veins appear very close to the surface of the skin.

    But, when the valves of these veins are not functioning properly, they may fail to prevent the back flow of blood.  This can result in blood pooling in the veins and as a result, the veins can swell and bulge out, or become varicose.  Even abnormalities of the vein wall can cause the valves to separate and render them unable to prevent the back flow of blood.

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            Vertigo
    Vertigo is a symptom and not a disease by itself and can have several causes.  When a person experiences vertigo, the sensation is of the outer surroundings spinning around him or her, or as if the person feels he or she is spinning in space.  This type of dizziness occurs all of a sudden, can come and go unpredictably, and is usually accompanied by equilibrium problems, nausea and vomiting.  Mild occurrences may be just a feeling of light-headedness or a rocking sensation.

    Vertigo generally results due to a disorder of the nerves and the balance mechanism structures in the inner year, known as the vestibular system, which can sense the position of the head and movement of the body.  Vertigo is almost always accompanied by involuntary movements of the eyes, also known as nystagmus.  Sitting up suddenly or moving around could worsen the condition.

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            Warts
    A viral infection causes the warts that occur commonly on the skin.  A virus from the human papillomavirus, or HPV virus, which can spread by either coming in contact with a person infected by it or with a contaminated surface.  A wart is a lump of skin that can occur practically on any part of the body, which includes the genitals, but usually is more common on the hands and feet.  There are more than sixty types of warts and they are usually characterized by oozing, itching, and burning.  Verruca vulgaris, or common warts, plantar warts, genital warts, and flat warts are just some of the various types of warts.

    Although warts are usually contagious, some people seem to be more susceptible to them and some types of virus seem to be more contagious than others.  Molluscum warts is caused by molluscum contagiosum virus.  This virus is a DNA poxvirus that infects only humans.  There are four types of this virus, of which MCV-2 is a sexually transmitted virus that affects only adults.  Common warts are unhealthy/unnatural local growths of skin or mucous membrane infection caused by a virus known as Human PapillomaVirus (HPV).  The infected part of the skin becomes dead and tough (just like blister); forming clusters of small painless lumps.

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            Williams Syndrome
    Williams syndrome is a genetic disorder which is not confined to a particular gender or race.  It is rare.  Williams Syndrome is caused by the absence of the gene that makes elastin, which is a protein that supplies strength and elasticity to the walls of the blood vessels.

    Children suffering of Williams Syndrome shoe very characteristic features that make it evident like facial peculiarities and mental retardation.  The facial features of such kids are often referred to as "Elfin" features which include the following: long philtrum, wide mouth and full lips, puffy under eye area, small chin, low weight, feeding problems in case of babies, irritable when infants, problems in the kidney structure and function, very social (Cocktail- party syndrome), difficulties in learning and paying attention, upturned Nose.  Apart from these distinct structural features, there are other symptoms as well which might not show but they are still there and are abnormal like their inability to understand the depth and inability to understand the assembling of small parts to form another objects.  This kind of problem arises due to slow activity in the dorsal part of the brain.

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            Yeast Infection (Candidiasis)
    Yeast Infections also called as Thrush or Candidiasis is a fungal infection.  Candidiasis is a fungal infection that is primarily caused by a fungus called Candida albicans.  It is an infection that is caused by a group of tiny microscopic fungi or yeast.  These fungi or yeast are called candida and the most common of the lot is the candida albicans fungus.  These fungi are found to be surviving on all parts of the body and they thrive in warm and moist conditions.

    Yeast is a naturally-occurring single-celled fungi that can be found in various parts of the human body.  Though it's normal to have a small number of yeast cells in the mucus membranes of the body, the problem arises when these yeast cells start multiplying.  A beneficial bacteria called Lactobacillus acidophilus help in keeping a check on the growth of strains of yeast in the mucous membranes.  If this balance is disrupted, and population of friendly bacteria decreases, it will amount to a spurt in the growth of yeast cells.  This is when, symptoms of candidiasis start making an appearance.  Susceptibility to this infection might be attributed to a wide range of reasons.

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            Yellow Fever
    Yellow fever, also known as yellow jack hit Philadelphia in 1793, causing a lot of pain and turmoil.  Unaware of the relationship between mosquitoes and the progress of the disease, the medical community of Philadelphia was dumbfounded.  The cold weather was finally responsible for the disappearance of the disease.  Research later revealed an understanding of the way the disease was spread to humans, through mosquitoes.  In the early 20th century, a vaccine was developed and other preventive measures were started.

    In the early stage the infected individual experiences a headache, fever, vomiting, loss of appetite and jaundice.  In about 3 to 4 days, the individual might experience a brief recovery.  The next stage is the remission period where the fever and symptoms disappear.  Most infected individuals will experience recovery at this stage, the others who are not that fortunate will move into the next stage within 24 hours.  The last stage is the intoxication period, in which a multi-organ dysfunction takes place.  This period includes brain dysfunction like delirium, seizures, coma, shock and death apart from liver and kidney failure and bleeding disorders / hemorrhage.

    Symptoms: fever, headache, pain in the muscles, jaundice, bleeding which may progress to hemorrhage, red eyes, face and tongue, brain dysfunction, decreased urination, delirium, seizures, coma, vomiting blood,

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    K

    Kidney Diseases

    Kidney Stones (Renal Calculi)



    L

    Leukemia

    Liver Cancer

    Lung Cancer



    M

    Mad Cow Disease

    Malaria

    Melena (Blood in Stool)

    Memory Loss

    Menopause

    Mesothelioma

    Migraine

    Miscarriages

    Moles

    Mucus In Stool

    Multiple Personality Disorder

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

    Muscle Cramps

    Muscle Fatigue

    Muscle Pain



    N

    Nail Biting

    Narcissistic Personality Disorder

    Neck Pain



    O

    Obesity

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

    Osteoarthritis (OA)

    Osteomyelitis

    Osteoporosis

    Ovarian Cancer

    Ovarian Cyst



    P

    Pain

    Panic Attack

    Paranoid Personality Disorder

    Parkinson's Disease (PD)

    Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

    Personality Disorders

    Peptic Ulcers

    Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD)

    Peyronie's Disease

    Phobias

    Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)

    Polio

    Pneumonia

    Post Nasal Drip

    Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

    Premature Baby

    Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

    Prostate Cancer

    Psoriasis



    R

    Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)

    Renal Failure

    Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

    Rheumatic Fever

    Ringworm

    Rosacea

    Rotator Cuff



    S

    Scabies

    Scars

    Sciatica

    Scurvy

    Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

    Schizoid Personality Disorder

    Schizophrenia

    Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)

    Sinus Infections

    Skin Cancer

    Skin Rash

    Sleep Disorders (Sleep Apnea)

    Smallpox

    Snoring

    Social Anxiety

    Staph Infection (MRSA)

    Stomach Cancer

    Strep Throat (Sore Throat)

    Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

    Sunburn

    Syphilis

    Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)



    T

    Tennis Elbow

    Termination of Pregnancy (Abortion)

    Testicular Cancer

    Tooth Decay

    Trisomy Syndrome

    Tuberculosis (TB)



    U

    Ulcers

    Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)



    V

    Varicose Veins

    Vertigo



    W

    Warts

    Williams Syndrome



    Y

    Yeast Infection (Candidiasis)

    Yellow Fever












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